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Significance and Use
4.1 Vascular stents are intended for permanent implant in the human vasculature (native or graft) for the purposes of maintaining vessel patency. The dimensional attributes of vascular stents are critical parameters that aid clinicians in the selection of devices for individual patients. This guide contains a listing of those dimensional attributes that are directly related to the clinical utility and performance of these devices, along with recommendations for consistent methods of measuring these attributes and presenting the information for use in clinical decision making. This guide can be used by the manufacturers and researchers of stents to provide consistency of measurement and labeling of these dimensional characteristics. It may have use in the regulation of these devices by appropriate authorities.
4.2 The dimensional attributes included in this guide are those that are deemed related to or possibly predictive of successful clinical performance of the stent, based on prior clinical experience; however, because of the myriad patient and medical factors that influence the clinical outcome of any individual treatment, conformance of a stent and delivery system with the recommendations in this guide should not be interpreted as a guarantee of clinical success in any individual patient or group of patients.
1.1 This guide covers the identification of and recommended measurement methods for those dimensional attributes of vascular stents that are deemed relevant to successful clinical performance. The delivery system packaged with and labeled specifically for use during the placement of the stent is also included within the scope of this guide.
1.2 This guide addresses only the dimensional characteristics of stents. Material property and stent functional characteristics are not addressed herein. All dimensional characteristics described in this guide refer to in vitro (“bench-top”) characterization. Because of variable patient factors, for example, vessel compliance, the actual in vivo characteristics may be slightly different.
1.3 This guide includes recommendations generally applicable to balloon-expandable and self-expanding stents fabricated from metals and metal alloys. It does not specifically address any attributes unique to coated stents or polymeric or biodegradable stents, although the application of this guide to those products is not precluded.
1.4 While they are not specifically included within the scope of this guide, stents indicated for placement in nonvascular locations, such as the esophagus or bile duct, also might be characterized by the methods contained herein. Likewise, this guide does not include recommendations for endovascular grafts (“stent-grafts”) or other conduit devices commonly used to treat aneurysmal disease or peripheral vessel trauma or to provide vascular access, although some information included herein may be applicable to those devices.
1.5 This guide does not include recommendations for balloon catheters sold as stand-alone angioplasty catheters, even though some of those catheters may be used for the delivery of unmounted stents supplied without a delivery system. Requirements for angioplasty catheters are contained in standards ISO 10555-1 and ISO 10555-4.
1.6 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.6.1 The units of measurements used throughout this guide reflect the hybrid system in common clinical use in the United States as of the time of the original approval of this guide. Since a primary purpose of this guide is to promote uniformity of labeling to facilitate the selection of devices by clinical users, the units most preferred by users were selected for this guide. Where those units are not SI units, or derivatives thereof, SI units are provided in parentheses.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
ISO StandardsISO10555-1, Sterile, Single-Use Intravascular Catheters, General Requirements Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org. ISO10555-4, Sterile, Single-Use Intravascular Catheters--Balloon Dilation Catheters
ICS Number Code 11.040.20 (Transfusion, Infusion)
UNSPSC Code 42203401(Coronary stents)