ASTM F2052 - 06e1

    Standard Test Method for Measurement of Magnetically Induced Displacement Force on Medical Devices in the Magnetic Resonance Environment

    Active Standard ASTM F2052 | Developed by Subcommittee: F04.15

    Book of Standards Volume: 13.01


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    ASTM F2052

    Significance and Use

    This test method is one of those required to determine if the presence of a medical device may cause injury to individuals during an MR examination and in the MR environment. Other safety issues which should be addressed include but may not be limited to magnetically induced torque (see Test Method F 2213) and RF heating (see Test Method F 2182). The terms and icons in Practice F 2503 should be used to mark the device for safety in the magnetic resonance environment.

    If the device deflects less than 45°, then the magnetically induced deflection force is less than the force on the device due to gravity (its weight). For this condition, it is assumed that any risk imposed by the application of the magnetically induced force is no greater than any risk imposed by normal daily activity in the Earth’gravitational field.

    A deflection of less than 45° at the location of the maximum static magnetic field gradient in one MR system does not preclude a deflection exceeding 45° in a system with a higher field strength or larger static field gradients.

    This test method alone is not sufficient for determining if a device is safe in the MR environment.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the measurement of the magnetically induced displacement force produced by static magnetic field gradients on medical devices and the comparison of that force to the weight of the medical device.

    1.2 This test method does not address other possible safety issues which include but are not limited to issues of magnetically induced torque, RF heating, induced heating, acoustic noise, interaction among devices, and the functionality of the device and the MR system.

    1.3 This test method is intended for devices that can be suspended from a string. Devices which cannot be suspended from a string are not covered by this test method. The weight of the string from which the device is suspended during the test must be less than 1 % of the weight of the tested device.

    1.4 This test method shall be carried out in a system in which the direction of the magnetically induced deflection force is horizontal.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. Values in parentheses are for information only.

    This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory requirements prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    F2119 Test Method for Evaluation of MR Image Artifacts from Passive Implants

    F2182 Test Method for Measurement of Radio Frequency Induced Heating On or Near Passive Implants During Magnetic Resonance Imaging

    F2213 Test Method for Measurement of Magnetically Induced Torque on Medical Devices in the Magnetic Resonance Environment

    F2503 Practice for Marking Medical Devices and Other Items for Safety in the Magnetic Resonance Environment

    Other Standards

    ISO13485:2003(E) Medical Devices--Quality Management Systems--Requirements for Regulatory Purposes, definition 3.7


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 11.040.40 (Implants for surgery, prothetics and orthotics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 42000000(Medical Equipment and Accessories and Supplies); 42203700(Medical imaging processing equipment and supplies)


    DOI: 10.1520/F2052-06E01

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