ASTM F2028 - 14

    Standard Test Methods for Dynamic Evaluation of Glenoid Loosening or Disassociation

    Active Standard ASTM F2028 | Developed by Subcommittee: F04.22

    Book of Standards Volume: 13.01


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is intended to investigate the resistance of a glenoid component to loosening. Glenoid loosening is the most common clinical complication in total shoulder arthroplasty (see X1.1). The method assumes that loosening occurs because of edge loading, often called the rocking-horse phenomenon.

    5.2 This test method can be used both to detect potential problems and to compare design features. Factors affecting loosening performance include articular geometry, flange geometry, materials, fixation design, bone quality, and surgical technique.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods measure how much a prosthetic anatomic glenoid component rocks or pivots following cyclic displacement of the humeral head to opposing glenoid rims (for example, superior-inferior or anterior-posterior). Motion is quantified by the tensile displacement opposite each loaded rim after dynamic rocking. Similarly, these test methods measure how much a prosthetic reverse glenoid component rocks or pivots following cyclic articulation with a mating humeral liner. Motion is quantified by the magnitude of displacement measured before and after cyclic loading.

    1.2 The same setup can be used to test the locking mechanisms of modular glenoid components, for example, disassociation of both anatomic and reverse shoulder components.

    1.3 These test methods cover shoulder replacement designs with monolithic or modular glenoid components for cemented fixation as well as reverse glenoid components for uncemented fixation.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    F1378 Specification for Shoulder Prostheses

    F1839 Specification for Rigid Polyurethane Foam for Use as a Standard Material for Testing Orthopaedic Devices and Instruments


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 11.040.40 (Implants for surgery, prothetics and orthotics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 42321900(Shoulder joint implants)


    DOI: 10.1520/F2028-14

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