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This specification covers minimum requirements for primary medical oxygen delivery systems for EMS ground vehicles used in the following applications: (1) the transportation of the sick and injured to or from an appropriate medical facility while basic, advanced, or specialized life support services are being provided, (2) the delivery of interhospital critical transport care, (3) the delivery of nonemergency, medically required, transport services, and (4) the transportation and delivery of personnel and supplies essential for proper care of an emergent patient. This standard establishes criteria to be considered in the performance, specification, purchase, and acceptance testing of EMS ground vehicles. The oxygen delivery system may be either a gaseous oxygen (GOX) system, or a liquid oxygen (LOX) system. Design and installation of the oxygen delivery system shall meet the requirements specified for: (1) capacity, (2) components such as oxygen piping system, flow control device, oxygen outlet, shutoff device, and secondary oxygen outlet, and (3) oxygen compartment. The oxygen system shall conform to the specified performance requirements including: (1) delivery flowrate, (2) delivery pressure, (3) delivery temperature, (4) temperature conditions such as storage temperature, cold soak, and heat soak, (5) electromagnetic interference, and (6) structural integrity against vibration, acceleration load, and shock load (basic design and crash worthiness). Installation requirements for oxygen piping routing and mounting, as well as flaring and bending, are specified. Design, installation, and pressure test requirements for GOX and LOX systems are detailed.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
1.3 This entire standard should be read before ordering an ambulance in order to be knowledgeable of the types of equipment that are available and their performance requirements. Due to the variety of ambulance equipment or features, some options may be incompatible with all chassis manufacturers' models. Detailed technical information is available from the chassis manufacturers.
Significance and Use
GOX System Design Requirements
GOX System Installation Requirements
GOX System Test Requirements
LOX System Design Requirements
LOX System Installation Requirements
LOX System Test Requirements
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
F1177 Terminology Relating to Emergency Medical Services
Military StandardsMIL-STD-461 Requirements for the Control of Electromagnetic Interference Emissions and Susceptibility MS 33584 Standard Dimensions for Flared Tubing End MS 33611 End Bend Radii
ASME StandardB31.3 Chemical Plant and Petroleum Refinery Piping
ICS Number Code 11.040.10 (Anaesthetic, respiratory and reanimation equipment)
UNSPSC Code 42271700(Oxygen therapy delivery systems and devices)
ASTM F1949-99(2013), Standard Specification for Medical Oxygen Delivery Systems for EMS Ground Vehicles, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.orgBack to Top