ASTM F1945 - 05(2011)

    Standard Practice for Determining the Lightfastness of Ink Jet Prints Exposed to Indoor Fluorescent Lighting

    Active Standard ASTM F1945 | Developed by Subcommittee: F05.07

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.09


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 Lightfastness of printed ink jet media for specified periods of time is pertinent to the end use of these materials. Since the ability of ink jet prints to withstand color changes is a function of the spectral power distribution of the light source to which it is exposed, it is important that lightfastness be assessed under the conditions appropriate to the end use application. While ink jet prints may be handled and displayed under a variety of conditions, this practice is intended to produce the color changes that may occur in ink jet prints upon exposure to irradiation from office lighting where overhead fluorescent light is used for illumination by simulating these conditions.

    5.2 The accelerated procedures covered in this practice are intended to provide a means for the rapid evaluation of the relative lightfastness of a series of prints or of a print of interest in comparison to the performance of controls with known lightfastness exposed simultaneously under laboratory conditions. Test results are useful for specification acceptance between producer and user, for quality control, and for research and product development.

    Note 1Refer to Practice G151 for full cautionary guidance applicable to all laboratory weathering devices. Additional information on sources of variability and on strategies for addressing variability by design and data analysis of laboratory accelerated exposure tests is found in Guide G141.

    5.3 Variation in results may be expected when operating conditions are varied within the accepted limits of this practice. For example, differences in the level of irradiance using lamps with the same spectral power distribution can cause significant differences in test results. Therefore, no reference to the use of this practice should be made unless accompanied by a report prepared in accordance with Section 12 which specifies whether Test Method D4674 Method II or Method III was used and which describes the specific operating conditions used.

    Note 2A comparison of the two listed methods has not been performed. Therefore, the two methods cannot be considered to give equivalent test results unless tests have been carried out to show that the two methods provide the same stability rankings, i.e., the same relative stabilities for different ink jet prints. Also, exposure times for equivalent changes in color and optical densities by the two methods has not been determined.

    5.4 Reproducibility of test results between laboratories using the same method (e.g., Method II or Method III of Test Method D4674) has been shown to be good when the stability of materials is evaluated in terms of performance ranking compared to other materials or to a control. Therefore, exposure of a similar material of known performance (a control) at the same time as the test materials is strongly recommended. It is recommended that at least three replicates of each material be exposed to allow for statistical evaluation of results.

    5.5 Color changes may not be a linear function of duration of exposure. The preferred method of determining lightfastness is to expose the prints for a number of intervals and to assess the exposure duration required to obtain a specific color change.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice covers an accelerated procedure intended to determine the lightfastness of ink jet prints in office environments where overhead fluorescent light is used for illumination.

    1.2 This practice describes two methods based on Method II and Method III from D4674, in which specimens are exposed to cool white VHO fluorescent lamps (Method II) and cool white fluorescent lamps (Method III) under controlled environmental conditions.

    1.3 Two criteria are used to determine relative lightfastness: color change and optical density.

    1.4  This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary statements are given in Section 8.

    1.5 There is no known ISO equivalent standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1729 Practice for Visual Appraisal of Colors and Color Differences of Diffusely-Illuminated Opaque Materials

    D2244 Practice for Calculation of Color Tolerances and Color Differences from Instrumentally Measured Color Coordinates

    D3424 Practice for Evaluating the Relative Lightfastness and Weatherability of Printed Matter

    D4674 Practice for Accelerated Testing for Color Stability of Plastics Exposed to Indoor Office Environments

    G113 Terminology Relating to Natural and Artificial Weathering Tests of Nonmetallic Materials

    G141 Guide for Addressing Variability in Exposure Testing of Nonmetallic Materials

    G151 Practice for Exposing Nonmetallic Materials in Accelerated Test Devices that Use Laboratory Light Sources

    G154 Practice for Operating Fluorescent Light Apparatus for UV Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 87.080 (Inks. Printing inks)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 43212104(Inkjet printers)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F1945-05R11

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F1945-05(2011), Standard Practice for Determining the Lightfastness of Ink Jet Prints Exposed to Indoor Fluorescent Lighting, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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