Significance and Use
The predictable and reliable performance of detention glazing used in detention and correctional facilities is a major concern. These test methods aid in assigning a level of physical security to glazing used in window and door assemblies based upon objective tests which can be consistently duplicated.
These test methods identify four security grades, corresponding to the four security grades established in Test Methods F1450. The intent is to establish a comparable level of performance for opening assemblies which incorporate detention glazing in conjunction with window and door assemblies. Test methods for detention glazing differ in sequencing a variety of attack tools and temperatures.
These test methods evaluate the resistance of detention glazing to attacks using blunt and sharp impact devices and fire. These test methods evaluate the performance of glazing in hot and cold environments. These test methods do not provide a measure of the resistance or performance of glazing subjected to attack by ballistics, chemical agents, explosives or other extreme methods of attack. Where such elements are a factor, consult the manufacturer.
The primary purpose of these test methods is to approximate the levels of abuse and operating conditions to which detention glazing is subjected in detention and correctional institutions. The desired result of these test methods is to provide a measure of assurance of protection to the correctional personnel, public, and inmates.
Detention and correctional facility administrative staff are encouraged to provide adequate training, supervision, and preventative maintenance programs to enable detention glazing assemblies to function as intended.
1.1 These test methods, including a fire test response method, cover the apparatus, procedures, and acceptance conditions for evaluating the normal operational performance and the performance characteristics under assault conditions of detention glazing used in window and door assemblies in detention and correctional facilities; thus, these test methods only give an indication of the performance characteristics of detention glazing in actual service. Such variables as installation and maintenance conditions are not considered except as otherwise included in this test method.
1.2 It is the intent of these test methods to help ensure that detention glazing performs at or above minimum acceptable levels to restrict inmate passage to unauthorized areas, to confine inmates, to delay and frustrate escape attempts and to resist vandalism.
1.3 Tools defined in these test methods are representative of similar tools or materials, which may become available to inmates within the secure perimeter of detention and correctional facilities, and which could be used to inflict similar product damage.
1.4 These test methods should not be used to establish or confirm the absolute prevention of forced entries or exits. These test methods define five factors (tool, temperature, techniques, time, and number of impacts) used to determine resistance to defined attacks.
1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI values in stated parentheses are for information only.
1.6 In these test methods, the specimens are subjected to one or more specific sets of laboratory test conditions. If different test conditions are substituted or the end-use conditions are changed, it is not always possible by or from these test methods to predict changes in the physical attack, or fire-test-response characteristics measured, or both; therefore, the results are valid only for the physical attack, or fire-test-exposure conditions, or both, described in these test methods.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
F1233 Test Method for Security Glazing Materials And Systems
F1450 Test Methods for Hollow Metal Swinging Door Assemblies for Detention and Correctional Facilities
F1577 Test Methods for Detention Locks for Swinging Doors
F1592 Test Methods for Detention Hollow Metal Vision Systems
F1643 Test Methods for Detention Sliding Door Locking Device Assembly
F1758 Test Methods for Detention Hinges Used on Detention-Grade Swinging Doors
UL752 Bullet Resisting Equipment
NIJ0108.1 Ballistic Resistant Protective Materials
attack weapons; battering ram; correctional facility; detention facility; fire; flame exposure; glazing; impact test; impactor (blunt and sharp); physical attack; polycarbonate; security glass; security glazing; security grades; temperature (cold and warm); test assembly; test criteria; time (element of); torch;
ICS Number Code 91.060.50 (Doors and windows)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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