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This specification covers preformed open-cell sponge rubber gaskets, for use in new or reconditioned pails or drums, of the following classes: Class A and Class B, each divided into Grade 1, Grade 2, and Grade 3. Cellular sponge rubber gaskets shall be made by incorporating a blowing agent into the compound, such as sodium bicarbonate, that gives off a gas which expands the mass during the vulcanization process, and shall be manufactured from natural rubber, synthetic rubber, or rubber-like materials, together with added compounding ingredients. Unless otherwise specified, gasket sponge rubber shall have a natural skin on both the top and bottom surfaces. Cellular rubber shall conform to the prescribed requirements as to physical properties such as (1) compression at deflection, (2) change in volume upon oil immersion, (3) change in compression value after heat aging, (4) compression set, and (5) color (tan or black). The following test methods shall be used: (1) compression deflection test, (2) oil immersion test, (3) heat oven aging test, and (4) compression set test under constant deflection. The formula for calculating the compression set is given. The requirements for sampling, test specimens and slabs, and measurements of test specimen such as width and thickness are detailed as well. The location from which standard test specimens are to be cut when testing standard test slabs or commercial flat sheets and the four-cavity frame for standard test slabs of cellular rubbers are illustrated.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
1.3 The following safety hazards caveat pertains only to Section 10, General Test Methods. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D395 Test Methods for Rubber Property--Compression Set
D471 Test Method for Rubber Property--Effect of Liquids
D573 Test Method for Rubber--Deterioration in an Air Oven
D575 Test Methods for Rubber Properties in Compression
D1056 Specification for Flexible Cellular Materials--Sponge or Expanded Rubber
D3182 Practice for Rubber--Materials, Equipment, and Procedures for Mixing Standard Compounds and Preparing Standard Vulcanized Sheets
D3183 Practice for Rubber--Preparation of Pieces for Test Purposes from Products
ICS Number Code 83.140.50 (Seals)
UNSPSC Code 31400000(Gaskets)