ASTM F1838 - 98(2008)

    Standard Performance Requirements for Child's Plastic Chairs for Outdoor Use

    Active Standard ASTM F1838 | Developed by Subcommittee: F15.33

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.11


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    Significance and Use

    Tests and criteria as outlined determine the overall usability and stability of chairs in an environment simulating the conditions of use.

    Tests simulate two types of surfaces:

    Smooth surfaces such as linoleum, wet pool decks, etc. The glass testing base (see Fig. 2) is used to simulate this surface.

    Rough surfaces such as wooden decks, outdoor natural surfaces, etc. The plywood testing base (see Fig. 3) is used to simulate this surface.


    Note 1—(A) Poly(methyl methacrylate) sheet, 0.25 ± 0.03-in. (6 ± 0.1-mm) thickness; (B) AC exterior glue fir plywood sheet, 0.75 ± 0.08 in. (19 ± 0.2 mm) or greater in thickness; (C) polypropylene microfoam sheet; 0.7 ± 0.01-lb/ft3 (11 ± 0.2-kg/m3) density and 0.13 ± 0.01-in. (3 ± 0.03-mm) thickness; and (D) glass/tempered sheet, 0.38 ± 0.04-in. (10 ± 0.1-mm) thickness.

    Note 2—(A), (B), (C), and (D) shall be roughly the same dimensions, 48 in. (1219 mm) or greater.

    FIG. 2 Glass Testing Base


    Note 1—(A) Poly(methyl methacrylate) sheet, 0.25 ± 0.03-in. (6 ± 0.1-mm) thickness; and (B) AC exterior glue fir plywood sheet, 0.75 ± 0.08 in. (19 ± 0.2 mm) or greater in thickness.

    Note 2—(A) and (B) shall be roughly the same dimensions, 48 in. (1219 mm) or greater.

    FIG. 3 Plywood Testing Base

    1. Scope

    1.1 These standard performance requirements establish nationally recognized performance requirements for Class A (residential) and Class B (nonresidential) child's plastic chairs intended for outdoor use.

    1.2 These standard performance requirements are not applicable to chaises, multi-positional chairs, upholstered chairs, or other types of furniture.

    1.3 These standard performance requirements cover the performance of product regarding aspects of outdoor weathering, impact, static load, and rear leg testing.

    1.4 Products Manufactured from Recycled Plastics:

    1.4.1 Products may be manufactured from recycled plastics as long as the performance requirements are met.

    1.5 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics

    D2565 Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications

    D4329 Practice for Fluorescent UV Exposure of Plastics

    G23 Practice for Operating Light-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) With and Without Water for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 97.140 (Furniture); 97.190 (Equipment for children)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 72154032(Window and door and screening installation and repair service)


    DOI: 10.1520/F1838-98R08

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