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Significance and Use
Uses—The requirements of this practice are intended to provide manholes suitable for installation in pipeline or conduit trenches, landfill perimeters, and landfills with limited settlement characteristics. Direct installation in sanitary landfills or other fills subject to large (in excess of 10 %) soil settlements may require special designs outside the scope of this practice.
Manholes are assumed to be subject to gravity flow only.
Design Assumption—The design methodology in this practice applies only to manholes that are installed in backfill consisting of Class I, Class II, or Class III material as defined in Practice D2321, which has been compacted to a minimum of 90 % standard proctor density. The designs are based on the backfill extending at least 3.5 ft (1 m) from the perimeter of the manhole for the full height of the manhole and extending laterally to undisturbed in situ soil. Manholes are assumed placed on a stable base consisting of at least 12 in. (30.5 cm) of Class I material compacted to at least 95 % standard proctor density or a concrete slab. The foundation soils under the base must provide adequate bearing strength to carry downdrag loads.
Manholes installed in sanitary landfills or other fills experiencing large settlements may require special designs beyond the scope of this practice. The designer should evaluate each specific site to determine the suitability for use of HDPE manholes and the designer should prepare a written specification for installation, which is beyond the scope of this practice.
1.1 This practice covers general and basic procedures related to the design of manholes and components manufactured from high-density polyethylene (HDPE) for use in subsurface applications and applies to personnel access structures. The practice covers the material, the structural design requirements of the manhole barrel (also called vertical riser or shaft), floor (bottom), and top, and joints between shaft sections.
1.2 This practice offers the minimum requirements for the proper design of an HDPE manhole. Due to the variability in manhole height, diameter, and the soil, each manhole must be designed and detailed individually. When properly used and implemented, this practice can help ensure a safe and reliable structure for the industry.
1.3 Disclaimer—The reader is cautioned that independent professional judgment must be exercised when data or recommendations set forth in this practice are applied. The publication of the material contained herein is not intended as a representation or warranty on the part of ASTM that this information is suitable for general or particular use, or freedom from infringement of any patent or patents. Anyone making use of this information assumes all liability arising from such use. The design of structures is within the scope of expertise of a licensed architect, structural engineer, or other licensed professional for the application of principles to a particular structure.
1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The SI units given in parentheses are provided for information only.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids
D1600 Terminology for Abbreviated Terms Relating to Plastics
D2321 Practice for Underground Installation of Thermoplastic Pipe for Sewers and Other Gravity-Flow Applications
D2657 Practice for Heat Fusion Joining of Polyolefin Pipe and Fittings
D2837 Test Method for Obtaining Hydrostatic Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Materials or Pressure Design Basis for Thermoplastic Pipe Products
D3035 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PR) Based on Controlled Outside Diameter
D3212 Specification for Joints for Drain and Sewer Plastic Pipes Using Flexible Elastomeric Seals
D3350 Specification for Polyethylene Plastics Pipe and Fittings Materials
F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems
F477 Specification for Elastomeric Seals (Gaskets) for Joining Plastic Pipe
F714 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Plastic Pipe (DR-PR) Based on Outside Diameter
F894 Specification for Polyethylene (PE) Large Diameter Profile Wall Sewer and Drain Pipe
ICS Number Code 83.080.20 (Thermoplastic materials)
UNSPSC Code 13102017(High Density Polyethylene HDPE)