ASTM F1624 - 12

    Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydrogen Embrittlement Threshold in Steel by the Incremental Step Loading Technique

    Active Standard ASTM F1624 | Developed by Subcommittee: F07.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 This test method is used for research, design, service evaluation, manufacturing control, and development. This test method quantitatively measures stress parameters that are used in a design or failure analysis that takes into account the effects of environmental exposure including that which occurs during processing, such as plating (8) (ASTM STP 962).

    5.2 For plating processes, the value of σ th-IHE is used to specify quantitatively the maximum operating stress for a given structure or product.

    5.3 For quality control purposes, an accelerated test is devised that uses a specified loading rate, which is equal to or lower than the loading rate necessary to determine the threshold stress (see 8.1).

    5.4 For fasteners, the value of σth-IHE is used to specify quantitatively the maximum stress during installation and in service to avoid premature failure caused by residual hydrogen in the steel as a result of processing.

    5.5 For fasteners, the value of σth-EHE is used to specify quantitatively the maximum stress during installation and in service to avoid failure from hydrogen absorbed during exposure to a specific environment.

    5.6 To measure the relative susceptibility of steels to hydrogen pickup from various fabrication processes, a single, selected, discriminating rate is used to rank the resistance of various materials to hydrogen embrittlement.

    5.7 Annex A1 describes the application of this standard test method to hydrogen embrittlement testing of fasteners.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method establishes a procedure to measure the susceptibility of steel to a time-delayed failure such as that caused by hydrogen. It does so by measuring the threshold for the onset of subcritical crack growth using standard fracture mechanics specimens, irregular-shaped specimens such as notched round bars, or actual product such as fasteners (2) (threaded or unthreaded) springs or components as identified in SAE J78, J81, and J1237.

    1.2 This test method is used to evaluate quantitatively:

    1.2.1 The relative susceptibility of steels of different composition or a steel with different heat treatments;

    1.2.2 The effect of residual hydrogen in the steel as a result of processing, such as melting, thermal mechanical working, surface treatments, coatings, and electroplating;

    1.2.3 The effect of hydrogen introduced into the steel caused by external environmental sources of hydrogen, such as fluids and cleaners maintenance chemicals, petrochemical products, and galvanic coupling in an aqueous environment.

    1.3 The test is performed either in air, to measure the effect if residual hydrogen is in the steel because of the processing (IHE), or in a controlled environment, to measure the effect of hydrogen introduced into the steel as a result of the external sources of hydrogen (EHE) as detailed in ASTM STP 543.

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    Note 1The values stated in metric units may not be exact equivalents. Conversion of the inch-pound units by appropriate conversion factors is required to obtain exact equivalence.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    A490 Specification for Structural Bolts, Alloy Steel, Heat Treated, 150 ksi Minimum Tensile Strength

    A574 Specification for Alloy Steel Socket-Head Cap Screws

    B602 Test Method for Attribute Sampling of Metallic and Inorganic Coatings

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E6 Terminology Relating to Methods of Mechanical Testing

    E8 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Metallic Materials

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E399 Test Method for Linear-Elastic Plane-Strain Fracture Toughness K Ic of Metallic Materials

    E812 Test Method for Crack Strength of Slow-Bend Precracked Charpy Specimens of High-Strength Metallic Materials

    E1681 Test Method for Determining Threshold Stress Intensity Factor for Environment-Assisted Cracking of Metallic Materials

    F519 Test Method for Mechanical Hydrogen Embrittlement Evaluation of Plating/Coating Processes and Service Environments

    F606 Test Methods for Determining the Mechanical Properties of Externally and Internally Threaded Fasteners, Washers, Direct Tension Indicators, and Rivets

    F2078 Terminology Relating to Hydrogen Embrittlement Testing

    G5 Reference Test Method for Making Potentiostatic and Potentiodynamic Anodic Polarization Measurements

    G129 Practice for Slow Strain Rate Testing to Evaluate the Susceptibility of Metallic Materials to Environmentally Assisted Cracking

    SAE Standards

    J1237 Metric Thread Rolling Screws

    ANSI/ASME

    B18.18.4M Inspection and Quality Assurance for Fasteners for Highly Specialized Engineering Applications, 1987


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.040.10 (Mechanical testing of metals)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11101704(Steel)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F1624-12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F1624-12, Standard Test Method for Measurement of Hydrogen Embrittlement Threshold in Steel by the Incremental Step Loading Technique, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org

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