Significance and Use
Tests and criteria as outlined determine the overall usability and stability of chairs in an environment simulating the conditions of use.
Tests simulate two types of surfaces:
Smooth surfaces such as linoleum, wet pool decks, etc. The glass testing base (Fig. 2) is used to simulate this surface.
Rough surfaces such as wooden decks, outdoor grassed areas, etc. The plywood testing base (Fig. 3) is used to simulate this surface.
Note—A = poly(methyl methacrylate) sheet (see standard specifications); B = AC exterior glue fir plywood (see standard specifications); C = polypropylene microfoam sheet (see standard specifications); D = glass/tempered (see standard specifications). FIG. 2 Glass Testing Base
Note—A = poly(methyl methacrylate) sheet (see standard specifications); B = AC exterior glue fir plywood (see standard specifications). FIG. 3 Plywood Testing Base
1.1 These requirements establish nationally recognized performance requirements for Class A (residential) and Class B (nonresidential) plastic chairs intended for outdoor use.
1.2 These requirements do not address conditions that affect the performance of the chair beyond the manufacturing site.
1.3 These requirements are not applicable to chaises, multipositional chairs, upholstered chairs, or other types of furniture.
1.4 These requirements cover the physical performance of product regarding the aspects of outdoor weathering, impact, static load, and rear leg testing.
1.5 Products may be manufactured from recycled plastics as long as the performance requirements are met.
1.6 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D638 Test Method for Tensile Properties of Plastics
D2565 Practice for Xenon-Arc Exposure of Plastics Intended for Outdoor Applications
D4329 Practice for Fluorescent UV Exposure of Plastics
D5033 Guide for Development of ASTM Standards Relating to Recycling and Use of Recycled Plastics
G23 Practice for Operating Light-Exposure Apparatus (Carbon-Arc Type) With and Without Water for Exposure of Nonmetallic Materials
casual furniture; outdoor furniture; patio furniture; performance requirements; plastic chair; resin furniture; Casual furniture; Nonresidential dwellings; Outdoor furniture; Patio furniture; Performance--consumer products; Plastic furniture; Residential dwellings; Resin furniture ;
ICS Number Code 97.140 (Furniture)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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