ASTM F1538 - 03(2009)

    Standard Specification for Glass and Glass Ceramic Biomaterials for Implantation

    Active Standard ASTM F1538 | Developed by Subcommittee: F04.13

    Book of Standards Volume: 13.01


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    Abstract

    This specification covers the material requirements and characterization techniques for glass and glass-ceramic biomaterials intended for use as bulk porous or powdered surgical implants, or as coatings on surgical devices, but not including drug delivery systems. Glass and glass-ceramic biomaterials should be evaluated thoroughly for biocompatibility before human use. Tests shall be performed to determine the properties of the biomaterials, in accordance with the following test methods: bulk composition; density; flexural strength; Young's modulus; hardness; surface area; bond strength of glass or glass ceramic coating; crystallinity; thermal expansion; and particle size.

    This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.

    1. Scope

    D

    1.1 This specification covers the material requirements and characterization techniques for glass and glass-ceramic biomaterials intended for use as bulk porous or powdered surgical implants, or as coatings on surgical devices, but not including drug delivery systems.

    1.2 The biological response to glass and glass-ceramic biomaterials in bone and soft tissue has been demonstrated in clinical use (1-12) and laboratory studies (13-17).

    1.3 This specification excludes synthetic hydroxylapatite, hydroxylapatite coatings, aluminum oxide ceramics, alpha- and beta-tricalcium phosphate, and whitlockite.

    1.4 WarningMercury has been designated by EPA and many state agencies as a hazardous material that can cause central nervous system, kidney, and liver damage. Mercury, or its vapor, may be hazardous to health and corrosive to materials. Caution should be taken when handling mercury and mercury-containing products. See the applicable product Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) for details and EPAs website (http://www.epa.gov/mercury/faq.htm) for additional information. Users should be aware that selling mercury or mercury-containing products, or both, in your state may be prohibited by state law.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C158 Test Methods for Strength of Glass by Flexure (Determination of Modulus of Rupture)

    C169 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Soda-Lime and Borosilicate Glass

    C373 Test Method for Water Absorption, Bulk Density, Apparent Porosity, and Apparent Specific Gravity of Fired Whiteware Products

    C623 Test Method for Youngs Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Poissons Ratio for Glass and Glass-Ceramics by Resonance

    C633 Test Method for Adhesion or Cohesion Strength of Thermal Spray Coatings

    C693 Test Method for Density of Glass by Buoyancy

    C729 Test Method for Density of Glass by the Sink-Float Comparator

    C730 Test Method for Knoop Indentation Hardness of Glass

    C958 Test Method for Particle Size Distribution of Alumina or Quartz by X-Ray Monitoring of Gravity Sedimentation

    C1069 Test Method for Specific Surface Area of Alumina or Quartz by Nitrogen Adsorption

    C1070 Test Method for Determining Particle Size Distribution of Alumina or Quartz by Laser Light Scattering

    E228 Test Method for Linear Thermal Expansion of Solid Materials With a Push-Rod Dilatometer

    F748 Practice for Selecting Generic Biological Test Methods for Materials and Devices

    F981 Practice for Assessment of Compatibility of Biomaterials for Surgical Implants with Respect to Effect of Materials on Muscle and Bone

    United States Pharmacopoeia

    HeavyMetals<231> Method I

    U.S. Geological Survey Method

    Cadmium


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 11.040.40 (Implants for surgery, prothetics and orthotics)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 42295500(Surgical implants and expanders and extenders and surgical wires and related products)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F1538-03R09

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F1538-03(2009), Standard Specification for Glass and Glass Ceramic Biomaterials for Implantation, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.org

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