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This specification covers the testing and corresponding design and performance requirements for insulated and insulating hand tools used for working on, or in close proximity to, energized electrical apparatus or conductors operating at maximum voltage of 1000 V ac or 1500 V dc. The hand tools covered here are screwdrivers, wrenches, pliers, nippers, strippers, cable cutting tools, cable scissors, knives, and tweezers. These tools shall be evaluated via visual and dimensional checks, ambient temperature and extreme low temperature impact tests, dielectric tests, indentation tests, adhesion tests for insulating material coatings, flame resistance tests, and mechanical tests such as bending, torque, and locking tests. Routine tests, acceptance criteria, and quality assurance plan for these tools are considered as well.
This abstract is a brief summary of the referenced standard. It is informational only and not an official part of the standard; the full text of the standard itself must be referred to for its use and application. ASTM does not give any warranty express or implied or make any representation that the contents of this abstract are accurate, complete or up to date.
Significance and Use
The performance and durability of the tools covered in this specification are not covered beyond those referenced in the applicable ASME, ANSI, or ISO standards.
The technical requirements of this specification either meet or exceed IEC 60900:2004 at the time of issue.
1.1 This specification covers the testing of insulated and insulating hand tools used for working on, or in close proximity to, energized electrical apparatus or conductors operating at maximum voltage of 1000 V ac or 1500 V dc.
1.2 The specific use of these tools is beyond the scope of this specification.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The inch-pound units given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 The following precautionary caveat pertains to the test method portion only, Section 7, of this specification: This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 This specification does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with the use of tools on, or in close proximity to, energized electrical apparatus.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D149 Test Method for Dielectric Breakdown Voltage and Dielectric Strength of Solid Electrical Insulating Materials at Commercial Power Frequencies
D618 Practice for Conditioning Plastics for Testing
D5025 Specification for Laboratory Burner Used for Small-Scale Burning Tests on Plastic Materials
ASME/ANSI StandardsASMEB18.3-2002 Socket Cap, Shoulder, Set Screws, Hex and Spline Keys
IEC StandardIEC60900:2004 Live Working - Hand tools for use up to 1000 V ac and 1500 V dc
ISO StandardsISO5744:2004 Pliers and nippers--Methods of test
ICS Number Code 13.260 (Protection against electric shock. Live working); 25.140.01 (Hand-held tools in general)
UNSPSC Code 27110000(Hand tools)