Active Standard ASTM F1478 | Developed by Subcommittee: F05.04
Book of Standards Volume: 15.09
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
5.1 The degree of image abraded from a copy or printed image may be affected by various factors, including the type of machine, condition of the machine, supplies employed, time since imaging, and environmental conditions. As many as possible of these variables should be controlled during the test. If available, a control sample with known characteristics should be run along with the test samples.
5.5 If the user wishes to simulate the type of damage or smudge resulting from paper rubbing against the printed image or from normal handling, consideration should be given to using either the Crockmeter Method (Test Method F1319), the Sutherland Rub Method, or the Gavarti GA-CAT Method.
1.2 This test method may be used to evaluate the abrasion resistance of images produced by business imaging products, including nonimpact printers, thermal transfer printers, and copiers. The machine shall be capable of producing the specified image.
1.5 Other test methods employing the Crockmeter (Test Method F1319), Sutherland Rub Tester, and Gavarti GA-CAT may be employed to evaluate the smudge and abrasion characteristics. Results by these test methods are not necessarily equivalent to those obtained by this test method.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
F335 Terminology Relating to Electrostatic Imaging
F1319 Test Method for Determination of Abrasion and Smudge Resistance of Images Produced from Business Copy Products (Crockmeter Method)
ICS Number Code 35.180 (IT terminal and other peripheral equipment)
UNSPSC Code 43212114(Digital image printers)