ASTM F146 - 12

    Standard Test Methods for Fluid Resistance of Gasket Materials

    Active Standard ASTM F146 | Developed by Subcommittee: F03.40

    Book of Standards Volume: 09.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 These test methods provide a standardized procedure to measure the effect of immersion in specified fluids under definite conditions of time and temperature. The results of these test methods are not intended to give any direct correlation with service conditions in view of the wide variations in temperature and special uses encountered in gasket applications. The specific test fluids and test conditions outlined were selected as typical for purposes of comparing different materials and can be used as a routine test when agreed upon between the purchaser and the manufacturer.

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the determination of the effect on physical properties of nonmetallic gasketing materials after immersion in test fluids. The types of materials covered are Type 1, Type 2, Type 3, and Type 7 as described in Classification F104. These test methods are not applicable to the testing of vulcanized rubber, a procedure that is described in Test Method D471. It is designed for testing specimens cut from gasketing materials or from finished articles of commerce. These test methods may also be used as a pre-treatment for Multi-Layer Steel, MLS, or Metal Layer Gasket materials adhesion testing per Test Method D3359. The pre-treatment of MLS or Metal Layer Gasket materials pertains only as a pre-cursor to the adhesion test. Other physical property tests described in this standard are not applicable to MLS or Metal Layer Gasket materials.

    1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The inch-pound units in parentheses are for information only.

    1.3 Refer to the current Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) and any precautionary labeling provided by the supplier of any materials referred to in these test methods.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D412 Test Methods for Vulcanized Rubber and Thermoplastic Elastomers--Tension

    D471 Test Method for Rubber Property--Effect of Liquids

    D3359 Test Methods for Measuring Adhesion by Tape Test

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method

    F36 Test Method for Compressibility and Recovery of Gasket Materials

    F104 Classification System for Nonmetallic Gasket Materials

    F147 Test Method for Flexibility of Non-Metallic Gasket Materials

    F152 Test Methods for Tension Testing of Nonmetallic Gasket Materials


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 21.140 (Seals, glands)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 31400000(Gaskets)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F0146-12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F146-12, Standard Test Methods for Fluid Resistance of Gasket Materials, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012, www.astm.org

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