ASTM F1438 - 93(2012)

    Standard Test Method for Determination of Surface Roughness by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy for Gas Distribution System Components

    Active Standard ASTM F1438 | Developed by Subcommittee: F01.10

    Book of Standards Volume: 10.04


      Format Pages Price  
    PDF 10 $43.00   ADD TO CART
    Hardcopy (shipping and handling) 10 $43.00   ADD TO CART


    Significance and Use

    5.1 The use of STM images and data is for purposes of textural quality assessment and calculation of figures of merit, and for high purity gas system clean room components.

    5.2 This test method defines a standard data presentation format and suggests figures of merit that utilize STM's ability to analyze three-dimensional surface features.

    1. Scope

    1.1 The purpose of this test method is to define a method for analyzing the surface texture of the above-mentioned components using a scanning tunneling microscope (STM). STM is a noncontact method of surface profiling that can measure three-dimensional surface features in the nanometer size range, which can then be used to represent the surface texture or to provide figures of merit. Application of this test method, where surface texture is used as a selection criterion, is expected to yield comparable data among different components tested.

    1.2 Limitations:

    1.2.1 This test method is limited to characterization of stainless steel surfaces that are smoother than R a = 0.25 μm, as determined by a contact-stylus profilometer and defined by ANSI B46.1. The magnifications and height scales used in this test method were chosen with this smoothness in mind.

    1.2.2 Intentional etching or conductive coating of the surface are considered modifications of the gas-wetted surface and are not covered by this test method.

    1.2.3 This test method does not cover steels that have an oxide layer too thick to permit tunneling under the test conditions outlined in 11.3.

    1.3 This technique is written with the assumption that the STM operator understands the use of the instrument, its governing principles, and any artifacts that can arise. Discussion of these points is beyond the scope of this test method.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E691 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Determine the Precision of a Test Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/F1438-93R12

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ASTM F1438

    Citing ASTM Standards
    Back to Top