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Significance and Use
The standards under the jurisdiction of Committee F23 and other technical committees can be used individually or as part of an integrated protocol in the development, selection, specification, and use of chemical protective clothing.
The standards are intended as a means by which information can be requested, generated, and reported in a consistent, comparable manner.
The suggested evaluation and test methods are recommended guidelines only. Test methods offer procedures for evaluating chemical protective clothing at standardized conditions to allow comparison.
The information on clothing performance must be combined with professional judgment, and a clear understanding of the clothing application, to provide the best protection to the worker. All chemical protective clothing use must be based on a hazard assessment to determine the risks for exposure to chemicals and other hazards. Conduct hazard assessments in accordance with 29 CFR 1910.132.
Chemical protective clothing intended for use during hazardous materials emergencies shall be evaluated against and conform to NFPA 1991, Standard on Vapor-Protective Ensemble for Hazardous Materials Emergencies, or NFPA 1992, Standard on Liquid Splash-Protective Ensemble and Clothing for Hazardous Materials Emergencies, as appropriate for the type of emergency. For emergencies involving release of chemical agents during terrorism incidents, chemical protective clothing shall be evaluated against and conform to NFPA 1994, Standard on Protective Ensemble for Chemical/Biological Terrorism Incidents.
Recommendations for labeling chemical protective clothing are provided in Practice F 1301
Appendix X1 is an example of how several of the referenced standards can be combined into a protocol to select the most suitable chemical protective clothing for a given application. Briefly, the process is one of defining the requirements of the application and then (by testing) eliminating those candidates that are unsuitable.
Appendix X2 provides a chart to cross reference U.S. Standards with European and International Standards. This chart shows only analogous standards for measuring the same property or evaluating the similar chemical protective clothing and does not imply that results from different tests will be comparable.
1.1 This guide is intended to aid in the application of standards for the development, specification, and selection of chemical protective clothing with the ultimate goal of maintaining the safety and health of workers who come into contact with hazardous chemicals.
1.2 This guide provides a short description of each referenced standard and then makes specific recommendations for the use of these standards. The referenced standards are organized under the following headings: Material Chemical Resistance, Material Physical Properties, Seam and Closure Performance, and Overall Clothing Performance.
1.3 No protocol can ensure the selection of protective clothing that guarantees worker protection. The purpose of testing is to generate data and information that will allow the selection of the most appropriate clothing. Ultimately, clothing selection is based on technical evaluation of available information and professional assessment of risk.
1.4 The values stated in SI units or in other units shall be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system must be used independently of the other, without combining values in any way.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D747 Test Method for Apparent Bending Modulus of Plastics by Means of a Cantilever Beam
D751 Test Methods for Coated Fabrics
D1630 Test Method for Rubber Property--Abrasion Resistance (Footwear Abrader)
D2582 Test Method for Puncture-Propagation Tear Resistance of Plastic Film and Thin Sheeting
D3389 Test Method for Coated Fabrics Abrasion Resistance (Rotary Platform Abrader)
D4157 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Oscillatory Cylinder Method)
D4966 Test Method for Abrasion Resistance of Textile Fabrics (Martindale Abrasion Tester Method)
D5034 Test Method for Breaking Strength and Elongation of Textile Fabrics (Grab Test)
D5151 Test Method for Detection of Holes in Medical Gloves
D5587 Test Method for Tearing Strength of Fabrics by Trapezoid Procedure
D6413 Test Method for Flame Resistance of Textiles (Vertical Test)
F392 Test Method for Flex Durability of Flexible Barrier Materials
F739 Test Method for Permeation of Liquids and Gases through Protective Clothing Materials under Conditions of Continuous Contact
F903 Test Method for Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing to Penetration by Liquids
F1001 Guide for Selection of Chemicals to Evaluate Protective Clothing Materials
F1052 Test Method for Pressure Testing Vapor Protective Suits
F1154 Practices for Qualitatively Evaluating the Comfort, Fit, Function, and Durability of Protective Ensembles and Ensemble Components
F1186 Classification System for Chemicals According to Functional Groups
F1194 Guide for Documenting the Results of Chemical Permeation Testing of Materials Used in Protective Clothing
F1291 Test Method for Measuring the Thermal Insulation of Clothing Using a Heated Manikin
F1301 Practice for Labeling Chemical Protective Clothing
F1342 Test Method for Protective Clothing Material Resistance to Puncture
F1358 Test Method for Effects of Flame Impingement on Materials Used in Protective Clothing Not Designated Primarily for Flame Resistance
F1359 Test Method for Liquid Penetration Resistance of Protective Clothing or Protective Ensembles Under a Shower Spray While on a Mannequin
F1383 Test Method for Permeation of Liquids and Gases through Protective Clothing Materials under Conditions of Intermittent Contact
F1407 Test Method for Resistance of Chemical Protective Clothing Materials to Liquid Permeation--Permeation Cup Method
F1461 Practice for Chemical Protective Clothing Program
F1494 Terminology Relating to Protective Clothing
F1790 Test Method for Measuring Cut Resistance of Materials Used in Protective Clothing
F2061 Practice for Chemical Protective Clothing: Wearing, Care, and Maintenance Instructions
F2130 Test Method for Measuring Repellency, Retention, and Penetration of Liquid Pesticide Formulation Through Protective Clothing Materials
ANSI StandardANSIZ41 American National Standard for Personal Protection--Protective Footwear
NFPA StandardsNFPA1994 Standard on Protective Ensemble for Chemical/Biological Terrorism Incidents
Federal Regulations29CFRPart1910.1000 Air Contaminants, Federal Register, Vol. 39, June 27, 1974.
ICS Number Code 13.340.10 (Protective clothing)
UNSPSC Code 53100000(Clothing)