ASTM F1220 - 95(2014)

    Standard Guide for Emergency Medical Services System (EMSS) Telecommunications

    Active Standard ASTM F1220 | Developed by Subcommittee: F30.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 13.02


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 In situations in which the coordination of EMSS communications among political subdivisions affects the health and safety of the state’s population, it is appropriate for state government to take a coordinating role. Statewide planning for coordinated use of radio frequencies for EMSS communications is specifically needed.

    5.2 The state is the logical unit to formulate the statutory and regulatory framework for EMSS planning. State planning for area-wide EMSS communications provides authority to accomplish coordination in the use of available radio frequencies, thus promoting multiagency cooperation to best serve the public needs.

    5.3 With statewide planning, communities, counties, and multicounty EMSS regions are provided with guidance to achieve the performance goals and objectives of their EMSS communications systems.

    5.4 The statewide EMSS communications performance goals and objectives in Sections 10 – 15 address specific roles of state governments in EMSS communications systems planning. These performance goals and objectives should be considered by states for evaluating, planning, and implementing of acceptable EMSS communications statewide.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide covers telecommunications practices and performance standards required to support all of the functions of community EMSS on a statewide basis. It defines state planning goals and objectives for EMSS communications.

    1.2 This guide is for planning, coordinating, integrating, and evaluating telecommunications resources statewide to satisfy the functional needs of comprehensive community EMSS systems.

    1.3 To facilitate a two-tiered planning approach recommended for EMSS communications, this guide identifies those communications system features that should be coordinated on a statewide basis and defined in statewide (first tier) EMSS communications planning guidelines. Local (second tier) EMSS communications plans prepared in accordance with the statewide guidelines should then be tailored to satisfy local EMSS needs while providing compatibility and interoperability of communications with other EMSS.

    1.4 The sections in this guide appear in the following sequence:

     

    Section

     

    Scope

    1

    Referenced Documents

    2

    Terminology

    3

    Summary of Guide

    4

    Significance and Use

    5

    Functions and Categories of EMSS Communications

    6

     Telecommunications Functions

    6.1

     Telecommunications Categories

    6.2

    EMSS Functional Communications Requirements

    7

     General Information

    7.1

     Citizen Access

    7.2

     EMSS Vehicle Dispatch and Coordination

    7.3

     Medical Coordination/Direction

    7.4

     Interservice Communications

    7.5

    Radio Frequency Spectrum and Service Requirements

    8

     Radio Frequencies

    8.1

     EMSS Radio Service Coverage

    8.2

     Operational Considerations

    8.3

    Goals and Objectives for EMSS Communications

    9

    Goal 1—State EMSS Communication Should Meet Recognized Standards for Functional Performance

    10

    Goal 2—Local EMSS Communications Should be Compatible with, and Should Not Interfere with, EMSS Communications in Neighboring Area

    11

    Goal 3—Local EMSS Communications Systems Should be Compatible with, and Should Not Interfere with, Other Types of Communications Systems

    12

    Goal 4—EMSS Communications Systems Should Make Maximum Use of State and Common Resources Where Appropriate, Cost Effective, and Authorized

    13

    Goal 5—The State Should Act as the Representative of Local EMSS in Dealing with Federal Agencies and National Organizations

    14

    Goal 6—The State Should Have a Program for Positive Management of Its EMSS Communications Activities

    15

    Emergency Medical Radio Services (EMRS) Radio Frequencies (MHz)

    Appendix X1

    Acronyms and Glossary for EMSS Communications

    Appendix X2

    References

     


    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    F1031 Practice for Training the Emergency Medical Technician (Basic)

    F1149 Practice for Qualifications, Responsibilities, and Authority of Individuals and Institutions Providing Medical Direction of Emergency Medical Services

    F1221 Guide for Interagency Information Exchange

    F1229 Guide for Qualification and Training of EMS Air Medical Patient Care Providers

    F1254 Practice for Performance of Prehospital Manual Defibrillation

    F1258 Practice for Emergency Medical Dispatch

    F1287 Guide for Scope of Performance of First Responders Who Provide Emergency Medical Care

    F1381 Guide for Planning and Developing 9-1-1 Enhanced Telephone Systems

    F1418 Guide for Training the Emergency Medical Technician (Basic) in Roles and Responsibilities

    F1453 Guide for Training and Evaluation of First Responders Who Provide Emergency Medical Care

    F1517 Guide for Scope of Performance of Emergency Medical Services Ambulance Operations

    F1552 Practice for Training Instructor Qualification and Certification Eligibility of Emergency Medical Dispatchers

    F1560 Practice for Emergency Medical Dispatch Management


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 33.040.35 (Telephone networks)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/F1220-95R14

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM F1220-95(2014), Standard Guide for Emergency Medical Services System (EMSS) Telecommunications, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2014, www.astm.org

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