Significance and Use
All X-ray systems are subject to changing efficiencies, so a practice for checking the overall operation is needed. This practice will assure the operator of an optimized image when ambient conditions are controlled and the X-ray high voltage generator is adjusted as prescribed.
The densities of some tire cord materials are very close to that of the rubber matrix in which they are enclosed, so the resolving capability of an X-ray system is critical to the detection of abnormalities. The rubber-cord pie disk provides a means for optimizing the resolving power in a particular apparatus and for comparing its performance over any period of time.
The rubber-cord pie disk can be used to compare the performances of X-ray systems in different laboratories. It can also be used in special cases to optimize system performance for a particular sector or cord-type, as may be required for examining a specific tire.
FIG. 2 Pie-Cord Disk Test Fixture
1.1 This practice describes the construction and use of a rubber-cord pie-shaped standard disk for demonstrating the discernment capability of an X-ray imaging system.
1.2 This practice is applicable to direct viewing (fluoroscopic) X-ray imaging systems and film, plate or paper (radiographic) X-ray imaging systems that are used for checking the construction consistency of pneumatic tires.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address the safety concernss associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1349 Practice for Rubber--Standard Temperatures for Testing
D3186 Test Methods for Rubber--Evaluation of SBR (Styrene-Butadiene Rubber) Mixed With Carbon Black or Carbon Black and Oil
F538 Terminology Relating to the Characteristics and Performance of Tires
rubber-cord pie disk; X-ray; X-ray image plane; X-ray radiograph; Construction consistency; Discernment capability; Fluorescence; Fluoroscopic X-ray imaging; Passenger cars; Pie disc; Pneumatic tires; Radiographic examination; Rubber property analysis; Tire testing; X-irradiation; X-ray monitoring/processing;
ICS Number Code 83.160.10 (Road vehicle tyres)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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