Active Standard ASTM E972 | Developed by Subcommittee: E44.05
Book of Standards Volume: 12.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
Glazed apertures in buildings are generally utilized for the controlled admission of both light and solar radiant heat energy into the structure. Other devices may also be used to reflect light and solar radiant heat into a building.
The bulk of the solar radiant energy entering a building in this manner possesses wavelengths that lie from 300 to 2500 nm (3000 to 25 000 E). Only the portion from 380 to 760 nm (3800 to 7600 E) is visible radiation, however. In daylighting applications, it is therefore important to distinguish the radiant (solar radiant energy) transmittance or reflectance of these materials from their luminous (light) transmittance or reflectance.
For comparisons of the energy and illumination performances of building fenestration systems it is important that the calculation or measurement, or both, of solar radiant and luminous transmittance and reflectance of materials used in fenestration systems use the same incident solar spectral distribution.
Solar luminous transmittance and reflectance are important properties in describing the performance of components of solar illumination systems including windows, clerestories, skylights, shading and reflecting devices, and other passive fenestrations that permit the passage of daylight as well as solar radiant heat energy into buildings.
This test method is useful for determining the solar luminous transmittance and reflectance of optically inhomogeneous sheet materials and diffusely reflecting materials used in natural lighting systems that are used alone or in conjunction with passive or active solar heating systems, or both. This test method provides a means of measuring solar luminous transmittance under fixed conditions of incidence and viewing. This test method has been found practical for both transparent and translucent materials as well as for those with transmittances reduced by reflective coatings. This test method is particularly applicable to the measurement of luminous transmittance of inhomogeneous, fiber reinforced, patterned, corrugated, or otherwise optically inhomogeneous materials when the transmittance is averaged over an area that is large in comparison to the inhomogeneities.
1.1 This test method covers the measurement of solar photometric transmittance of materials in sheet form. Solar photometric transmittance is measured using a photometer (illuminance meter) in an enclosure with the sun and sky as the source of radiation. The enclosure and method of test is specified in Test Method E 1175 (or Test Method E 1084).
1.2 The purpose of this test method is to specify a photometric sensor to be used with the procedure for measuring the solar photometric transmittance of sheet materials containing inhomogeneities in their optical properties.
This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E772 Terminology of Solar Energy Conversion
E1084 Test Method for Solar Transmittance (Terrestrial) of Sheet Materials Using Sunlight
E1175 Test Method for Determining Solar or Photopic Reflectance, Transmittance, and Absorptance of Materials Using a Large Diameter Integrating Sphere
ICS Number Code 17.180.20 (Colours and measurement of light)