Active Standard ASTM E950 / E950M | Developed by Subcommittee: E17.31
Book of Standards Volume: 04.03
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
The measurement of vehicular traveled surfaces using an instrumented vehicle with an inertial plane of reference provides a satisfactory method for acquiring traveled surface profile data (1).
The profile data can be processed to produce, by simulation, the outputs of other devices. This can be done on line in real time or can be computed as a post process. Some of the devices that can be simulated include road meters (2), various straightedge devices (3), profilographs, (4), as well as pavers and grinders. Comparisons of various equipment and their profile computer programs are given in reference (5, 6).
The raw data or the profile data can also be recorded for data processing at a later time and for analysis by more complex data processing procedures.
1.1 This test method covers the measurement and recording of the profile of vehicular-traveled surfaces with an accelerometer established inertial reference on a profile-measuring vehicle.
1.2 The test method uses measurement of the distance between an inertial plane of reference and the traveled surface along with the acceleration of the inertial platform to detect changes in elevation of the surface along the length being traversed by the instrumented vehicle. In order to meet a particular class, the transducers shall meet accuracy requirements and the calculated profile shall meet the specifications of that class.
1.3 The values measured represent a filtered profile measured from a moving plane of reference using the equipment and procedures stated herein. The profile measurements obtained should agree with actual elevation measurements that are subjected to the same filtering. Selection of proper filtering allows the user to obtain suitable wavelength information for the intended data processing.
1.4 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific precautionary information is given in Section 7.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E178 Practice for Dealing With Outlying Observations
E867 Terminology Relating to Vehicle-Pavement Systems
E1364 Test Method for Measuring Road Roughness by Static Level Method
F457 Test Method for Speed and Distance Calibration of Fifth Wheel Equipped With Either Analog or Digital Instrumentation
ICS Number Code 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)
UNSPSC Code 41110000(Measuring and observing and testing instruments)