ASTM E894 - 88(2010)

    Standard Test Method for Anchorage of Permanent Metal Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings

    Active Standard ASTM E894 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.56

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.11


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    Significance and Use

    This test method is intended to provide data from which applicable design data can be derived for a given anchorage.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes procedures to be followed in testing the performance of the anchorage of all types of new and existing permanent metal railing systems (guard, stair, and ramp-rail systems), and rails (hand, grab, and transfer rails) installed in and for agricultural, assembly, commercial, educational, industrial, institutional, recreational, and residential buildings.

    1.2 This test method is applicable to railing systems and rails having major structural components made of metal and secondary components made of metal or other materials such as wood, plastics, and glass.

    1.3 The test method described can be used to determine whether the anchorage of permanent metal railing systems and rails complies with anticipated performance requirements.

    1.4 Specifically, this test method covers procedures for determining the static tension, shear, and moment resistance of anchorages for permanent metal railing systems, and rails in structural elements made of concrete, masonry, wood, and metal as well as related products.

    1.5 No consideration is given in this test method to any possible deterioration of anchorage systems, resulting from adverse environmental conditions. The performance of special tests covering this aspect may be desirable.

    1.6 Should computations make it possible to provide the needed information, testing may be employed for purposes of verification.

    1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see Section 6.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E4 Practices for Force Verification of Testing Machines

    E575 Practice for Reporting Data from Structural Tests of Building Constructions, Elements, Connections, and Assemblies

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions

    E985 Specification for Permanent Metal Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.060.30 (Ceilings. Floors. Stairs)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30000000(Structures and Building and Construction and Manufacturing Components and Supplies)


    DOI: 10.1520/E0894-88R10

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