ASTM E850 - 10

    Standard Guide for Characterization of Inorganic Process Wastes for Use as Structural Fill

    Active Standard ASTM E850 | Developed by Subcommittee: D34.03

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.04


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    Significance and Use

    This practice is intended for inorganic process wastes that can be used as replacements for natural material such as soil or rock suitable for construction applications. Selection of appropriate and feasible fill materials and selection of applicable materials, tests, and specifications to facilitate construction and environmental protection are the responsibility of the design engineer. This practice is intended to encourage wider utilization of waste materials.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide provides guidance for use of selected process wastes as structural fills by listing representative test methods for predicting and evaluating those physical characteristics of waste that are related to the integrity of fills and to protection of ground and surface waters.

    1.2 Table 1 lists references which provide engineering practices and test procedures that may be applied to process waste for use as structural fill.

    1.3 This guide includes approaches for the environmental assessment of process wastes prior to application.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C294 Descriptive Nomenclature for Constituents of Concrete Aggregates

    C295 Guide for Petrographic Examination of Aggregates for Concrete

    C593 Specification for Fly Ash and Other Pozzolans for Use With Lime for Soil Stabilization

    C821 Specification for Lime for Use with Pozzolans

    D420 Guide to Site Characterization for Engineering Design and Construction Purposes

    D421 Practice for Dry Preparation of Soil Samples for Particle-Size Analysis and Determination of Soil Constants

    D422 Test Method for Particle-Size Analysis of Soils

    D559 Test Methods for Wetting and Drying Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures

    D560 Test Methods for Freezing and Thawing Compacted Soil-Cement Mixtures

    D653 Terminology Relating to Soil, Rock, and Contained Fluids

    D698 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))

    D854 Test Methods for Specific Gravity of Soil Solids by Water Pycnometer

    D1140 Test Methods for Amount of Material in Soils Finer than No. 200 (75-m) Sieve

    D1452 Practice for Soil Exploration and Sampling by Auger Borings

    D1556 Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by Sand-Cone Method

    D1557 Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Modified Effort (56,000 ft-lbf/ft3 (2,700 kN-m/m3))

    D1586 Test Method for Penetration Test (SPT) and Split-Barrel Sampling of Soils

    D1587 Practice for Thin-Walled Tube Sampling of Soils for Geotechnical Purposes

    D1633 Test Methods for Compressive Strength of Molded Soil-Cement Cylinders

    D2049 Test Method for Relative Density of Cohesionless Soils

    D2166 Test Method for Unconfined Compressive Strength of Cohesive Soil

    D2167 Test Method for Density and Unit Weight of Soil in Place by the Rubber Balloon Method

    D2216 Test Methods for Laboratory Determination of Water (Moisture) Content of Soil and Rock by Mass

    D2434 Test Method for Permeability of Granular Soils (Constant Head)

    D2487 Practice for Classification of Soils for Engineering Purposes (Unified Soil Classification System)

    D2488 Practice for Description and Identification of Soils (Visual-Manual Procedure)

    D2573 Test Method for Field Vane Shear Test in Cohesive Soil

    D2664 Test Method for Triaxial Compressive Strength of Undrained Rock Core Specimens Without Pore Pressure Measurements

    D2850 Test Method for Unconsolidated-Undrained Triaxial Compression Test on Cohesive Soils

    D2937 Test Method for Density of Soil in Place by the Drive-Cylinder Method

    D3080 Test Method for Direct Shear Test of Soils Under Consolidated Drained Conditions

    D3974 Practices for Extraction of Trace Elements from Sediments

    D3987 Test Method for Shake Extraction of Solid Waste with Water

    D4318 Test Methods for Liquid Limit, Plastic Limit, and Plasticity Index of Soils

    D5084 Test Methods for Measurement of Hydraulic Conductivity of Saturated Porous Materials Using a Flexible Wall Permeameter

    D6938 Test Method for In-Place Density and Water Content of Soil and Soil-Aggregate by Nuclear Methods (Shallow Depth)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.030.50 (Recycling)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 76122000(Landfill services); 77101501(Risk or hazard assessment)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E0850-10

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E850-10, Standard Guide for Characterization of Inorganic Process Wastes for Use as Structural Fill, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.org

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