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Significance and Use
The techniques described provide indirect measurement of thickness of sections of materials not exceeding temperatures of 93°C (200°F). Measurements are made from one side of the object, without requiring access to the rear surface.
Ultrasonic thickness measurements are used extensively on basic shapes and products of many materials, on precision machined parts, and to determine wall thinning in process equipment caused by corrosion and erosion.
Recommendations for determining the capabilities and limitations of ultrasonic thickness gages for specific applications can be found in the cited references. ,
1.1 This practice provides guidelines for measuring the thickness of materials using the contact pulse-echo method at temperatures not to exceed 93°C (200°F).
1.2 This practice is applicable to any material in which ultrasonic waves will propagate at a constant velocity throughout the part, and from which back reflections can be obtained and resolved.
1.3 Units—The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E317 Practice for Evaluating Performance Characteristics of Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Testing Instruments and Systems without the Use of Electronic Measurement Instruments
E494 Practice for Measuring Ultrasonic Velocity in Materials
E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing
E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
ASNT DocumentsANSI/ASNT CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel
Aerospace Industries Association DocumentNAS-410 Certification and Qualification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel Available from Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc. (AIA), 1000 Wilson Blvd., Suite 1700, Arlington, VA 22209-3928, http://www.aia-aerospace.org.
ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces)
ASTM E797 / E797M-10, Standard Practice for Measuring Thickness by Manual Ultrasonic Pulse-Echo Contact Method, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2010, www.astm.orgBack to Top