ASTM E751 / E751M - 12

    Standard Practice for Acoustic Emission Monitoring During Resistance Spot-Welding

    Active Standard ASTM E751 / E751M | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03


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    Significance and Use

    The AE produced during the production of a spot-weld can be related to weld quality parameters such as the strength and size of the nugget, the amount of expulsion, and the amount of cracking. Therefore, in-process AE monitoring can be used both as an examination method, and as a means for providing feedback control.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice describes procedures for the measurement, processing, and interpretation of the acoustic emission (AE) response associated with selected stages of the resistance spot-welding process.

    1.2 This practice also provides guidelines for feedback control by utilizing the measured AE response signals during the spot-welding process.

    1.3 UnitsThe values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    ASNT Standards

    ANSI/ASNTCP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel

    AIA Standard

    NAS-410 Certification and Qualification of Nondestructive Personnel (Quality Assurance Committee)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.140.20 (Noise emitted by machines and equipment); 25.160.10 (Welding processes)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/E0751_E0751M-12

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