ASTM E748 - 02(2008)

    Standard Practices for Thermal Neutron Radiography of Materials

    Active Standard ASTM E748 | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.05

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03


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    ASTM E748

    Significance and Use

    These practices include types of materials to be examined, neutron radiographic examination techniques, neutron production and collimation methods, radiographic film, and converter screen selection. Within the present state of the neutron radiologic art, these practices are generally applicable to specific material combinations, processes, and techniques.

    1. Scope

    1.1 PurposePractices to be employed for the radiographic examination of materials and components with thermal neutrons are outlined herein. They are intended as a guide for the production of neutron radiographs that possess consistent quality characteristics, as well as aiding the user to consider the applicability of thermal neutron radiology (radiology, radiographic, and related terms are defined in Terminology E 1316). Statements concerning preferred practice are provided without a discussion of the technical background for the preference. The necessary technical background can be found in Refs (1-16).

    1.2 LimitationsAcceptance standards have not been established for any material or production process (see Section 5 on Basis of Application). Adherence to the practices will, however, produce reproducible results that could serve as standards. Neutron radiography, whether performed by means of a reactor, an accelerator, subcritical assembly, or radioactive source, will be consistent in sensitivity and resolution only if the consistency of all details of the technique, such as neutron source, collimation, geometry, film, etc., is maintained through the practices. These practices are limited to the use of photographic or radiographic film in combination with conversion screens for image recording; other imaging systems are available. Emphasis is placed on the use of nuclear reactor neutron sources.

    1.3 Interpretation and Acceptance StandardsInterpretation and acceptance standards are not covered by these practices. Designation of accept-reject standards is recognized to be within the cognizance of product specifications.

    1.4 Safety PracticesGeneral practices for personnel protection against neutron and associated radiation peculiar to the neutron radiologic process are discussed in Section 17. For further information on this important aspect of neutron radiology, refer to current documents of the National Committee on Radiation Protection and Measurement, the Code of Federal Regulations, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission, the U.S. Department of Energy, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, and to applicable state and local codes.

    1.5 Other Aspects of the Neutron Radiographic ProcessFor many important aspects of neutron radiography such as technique, files, viewing of radiographs, storage of radiographs, film processing, and record keeping, refer to Guide E 94. (See Section 2.)

    1.6 The values stated in either SI or inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.7 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. (For more specific safety information see 1.4.)


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E94 Guide for Radiographic Examination

    E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    E545 Test Method for Determining Image Quality in Direct Thermal Neutron Radiographic Examination

    E803 Test Method for Determining the L/D Ratio of Neutron Radiography Beams

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    E1496 Test Method for Neutron Radiographic Dimensional Measurements

    ASNT Standard

    RecommendedPracticeS for Personnel Qualification and Certification Available from the American Society for Nondestructive Testing, 1711 Arlingate Lane, P.O. Box 28518, Columbus, OH 43228-0518.

    ANSI Standard

    ANSI/ASNT-CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036.

    AIA Document

    NAS-410 Nondestructive Testing Personnel Qualification and Certification Available from Aerospace Industries Association of America, Inc., 1250 Eye St., NW, Washington, DC 20005..


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 19.100 (Non-destructive testing)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/E0748-02R08

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