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Significance and Use
4.1 Materials scientists and engineers are making increased use of statistical analyses in interpreting S-N and ε-N fatigue data. Statistical analysis applies when the given data can be reasonably assumed to be a random sample of (or representation of) some specific defined population or universe of material of interest (under specific test conditions), and it is desired either to characterize the material or to predict the performance of future random samples of the material (under similar test conditions), or both.
1.1 This practice covers only S-N and ε-N relationships that may be reasonably approximated by a straight line (on appropriate coordinates) for a specific interval of stress or strain. It presents elementary procedures that presently reflect good practice in modeling and analysis. However, because the actual S-N or ε-N relationship is approximated by a straight line only within a specific interval of stress or strain, and because the actual fatigue life distribution is unknown, it is not recommended that (a) the S-N or ε-N curve be extrapolated outside the interval of testing, or (b) the fatigue life at a specific stress or strain amplitude be estimated below approximately the fifth percentile (P ≃ 0.05). As alternative fatigue models and statistical analyses are continually being developed, later revisions of this practice may subsequently present analyses that permit more complete interpretation of S-N and ε-N data.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E206 Definitions of Terms Relating to Fatigue Testing and the Statistical Analysis of Fatigue Data; Replaced by E 1150
E468 Practice for Presentation of Constant Amplitude Fatigue Test Results for Metallic Materials
E513 Definitions of Terms Relating to Constant-Amplitude, Low-Cycle Fatigue Testing; Replaced by E 1150
E606 Practice for Strain-Controlled Fatigue Testing
ICS Number Code 19.060 (Mechanical testing)
ASTM E739-10(2015), Standard Practice for Statistical Analysis of Linear or Linearized Stress-Life (