Active Standard ASTM E678 | Developed by Subcommittee: E30.11
Book of Standards Volume: 14.02
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
3.1 Persons engaged in forensic investigations are responsible for identifying significant data. They then analyze and correlate the data and report conclusions and opinions. These opinions should be supported by the data, reported in a form that is understandable to a layman familiar with the incident, and capable of being evaluated by knowledgeable scientists, engineers, or investigators.
3.2 This practice is intended to serve as a guideline for the scientific or technical expert in conducting an investigation, which includes analyzing and evaluating facts. In addition, this practice may assist others in understanding and evaluating the work performed. Refer to Practice E1188 for guidance pertaining to the actual collection of information and physical evidence, and Practice E1020 for guidance regarding the initial reporting of the incident.
1.1 This practice establishes criteria for evaluating scientific and technical data, and other relevant considerations, which constitute acceptable bases for forming scientific or technical expert opinions.
1.2 This practice recommends generally acceptable professional practice, although the facts and issues of each situation require specific consideration, and may involve matters not expressly dealt with herein. Deviations from this practice are not necessarily wrong or inferior, but should be documented and justifiable, if compliance with this standard is claimed. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances.
1.3 This practice offers a set of instructions for performing one or more specific operations. This document cannot replace education or experience and should be used in conjunction with professional judgment. Not all aspects of this practice may be applicable in all circumstances.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E620 Practice for Reporting Opinions of Scientific or Technical Experts
E860 Practice for Examining And Preparing Items That Are Or May Become Involved In Criminal or Civil Litigation
E1020 Practice for Reporting Incidents that May Involve Criminal or Civil Litigation
E1188 Practice for Collection and Preservation of Information and Physical Items by a Technical Investigator
ICS Number Code 07.020 (Mathematics); 19.020 (Test conditions and procedures in general)