ASTM E631 - 15

    Standard Terminology of Building Constructions

    Active Standard ASTM E631 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.94

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.11


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    1. Scope

    1.1 This Terminology consists of terms and definitions pertaining to the subject field of buildings and building construction, and in particular, terms related to the standards generated by ASTM Committee E06 on Performance of Buildings.

    1.2 The purpose of this Terminology is to provide preferred and admitted designations along with the meanings and explanations of technical concepts applied in the subject field of buildings and construction, written for both the non-expert and the expert user.

    1.3 This comprehensive Terminology standard contains all ASTM standardized definitions generated in ASTM Committee E06 that are considered general in nature. Beyond this comprehensive terminology, there are also separate terminology standards that have been developed within Committee E06 by a number of technical subcommittees.

    1.3.1 These separate general terminologies are created relative to specific subject fields and the terminological entries have been grouped for convenient use (see Section 2 and Appendix X1). Some terminology data contained in those other subsidiary terminology standards also appear in this comprehensive standard.

    1.3.2 The following standards are separate terminologies that have been developed within specific E06 Subcommittees whose term entry lists are provided in Appendix X1:

    E833

    Terminology of Building Economics

    E1480

    Terminology of Facility Management (Building-Related)

    E1481

    Terminology of Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings

    E1605

    Terminology Relating to Lead in Buildings

    E1749

    Terminology Relating to Rigid Wall Relocatable Shelters

    E2110

    Terminology for Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS)

    E2151

    Terminology of Guides for Specifying and Evaluating Performance
       of Single Family Attached and Detached Dwellings

    E2265

    Terminology for Anchors and Fasteners in Concrete and Masonry

    1.4 Terms are listed in alphabetical sequence. Compound terms appear in the natural spoken order. To show the relationships in certain families of concepts, groups of narrower terms and their definitions are grouped under the definition of the broader term. Each such sub-entry is listed also (in italics) with a cross-reference to the special class.

    1.5 Certain standard definitions herein are adopted from other sources. Each is an exact copy. The source is identified at the right margin following the definition, and is listed in Section 2.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    B547 Specification for Aluminum and Aluminum-Alloy Formed and Arc-Welded Round Tube

    C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation

    C274 Terminology of Structural Sandwich Constructions

    C460 Terminology for Asbestos-Cement

    C755 Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation

    C859 Terminology Relating to Nuclear Materials

    D16 Terminology for Paint, Related Coatings, Materials, and Applications

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D661 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Cracking of Exterior Paints

    D772 Test Method for Evaluating Degree of Flaking (Scaling) of Exterior Paints

    D883 Terminology Relating to Plastics

    D907 Terminology of Adhesives

    D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres

    D1566 Terminology Relating to Rubber

    D2864 Terminology Relating to Electrical Insulating Liquids and Gases

    D4214 Test Methods for Evaluating the Degree of Chalking of Exterior Paint Films

    D4538 Terminology Relating to Protective Coating and Lining Work for Power Generation Facilities

    E73 Practice for Static Load Testing of Truss Assemblies

    E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials

    E344 Terminology Relating to Thermometry and Hydrometry

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E546 Test Method for Frost/Dew Point of Sealed Insulating Glass Units

    E564 Practice for Static Load Test for Shear Resistance of Framed Walls for Buildings

    E621 Practice for Use of Metric (SI) Units in Building Design and Construction(Committee E06 Supplement to E380)

    E774 Specification for the Classification of the Durability of Sealed Insulating Glass Units

    E779 Test Method for Determining Air Leakage Rate by Fan Pressurization

    E833 Terminology of Building Economics

    E859 Test Method for Air Erosion of Sprayed Fire-Resistive Materials (SFRMs) Applied to Structural Members

    E874 Practice for Adhesive Bonding of Aluminum Facings to Nonmetallic Honeycomb Core for Shelter Panels

    E997 Test Method for Evaluating Glass Breakage Probability Under the Influence of Uniform Static Loads by Proof Load Testing

    E998 Test Method for Structural Performance of Glass in Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under the Influence of Uniform Static Loads by Nondestructive Method

    E1186 Practices for Air Leakage Site Detection in Building Envelopes and Air Barrier Systems

    E1227 Terminology for Chemical Analysis of Metals

    E1334 Practice for Rating the Serviceability of a Building or Building-Related Facility

    E1423 Practice for Determining Steady State Thermal Transmittance of Fenestration Systems

    E1480 Terminology of Facility Management (Building-Related)

    E1481 Terminology of Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings

    E1553 Practice for Collection of Airborne Particulate Lead During Abatement and Construction Activities

    E1554/E1554M Test Methods for Determining Air Leakage of Air Distribution Systems by Fan Pressurization

    E1605 Terminology Relating to Lead in Buildings

    E1613 Test Method for Determination of Lead by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS), or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS) Techniques

    E1644 Practice for Hot Plate Digestion of Dust Wipe Samples for the Determination of Lead

    E1645 Practice for Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis

    E1677 Specification for Air Barrier (AB) Material or System for Low-Rise Framed Building Walls

    E1679 Practice for Setting the Requirements for the Serviceability of a Building or Building-Related Facility, and for Determining What Serviceability is Provided or Proposed

    E1699 Practice for Performing Value Engineering (VE)/Value Analysis (VA) of Projects, Products and Processes

    E1726 Practice for Preparation of Soil Samples by Hotplate Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis

    E1727 Practice for Field Collection of Soil Samples for Subsequent Lead Determination

    E1728 Practice for Collection of Settled Dust Samples Using Wipe Sampling Methods for Subsequent Lead Determination

    E1729 Practice for Field Collection of Dried Paint Samples for Subsequent Lead Determination

    E1749 Terminology Relating to Rigid Wall Relocatable Shelters

    E1753 Practice for Use of Qualitative Chemical Spot Test Kits for Detection of Lead in Dry Paint Films

    E1775 Guide for Evaluating Performance of On-Site Extraction and Field-Portable Electrochemical or Spectrophotometric Analysis for Lead

    E1783/E1783M Specification for Preformed Architectural Strip Seals for Buildings and Parking Structures

    E1792 Specification for Wipe Sampling Materials for Lead in Surface Dust

    E1796 Guide for Selection and Use of Liquid Coating Encapsulation Products for Leaded Paint in Buildings

    E1827 Test Methods for Determining Airtightness of Buildings Using an Orifice Blower Door

    E1828 Practice for Evaluating the Performance Characteristics of Qualitative Chemical Spot Test Kits for Lead in Paint

    E1908 Guide for Sample Selection of Debris Waste from a Building Renovation or Lead Abatement Project for Toxicity Characteristic Leaching Procedure (TCLP) Testing for Leachable Lead (Pb)

    E1918 Test Method for Measuring Solar Reflectance of Horizontal and Low-Sloped Surfaces in the Field

    E1925 Specification for Engineering and Design Criteria for Rigid Wall Relocatable Structures

    E1979 Practice for Ultrasonic Extraction of Paint, Dust, Soil, and Air Samples for Subsequent Determination of Lead

    E2052 Guide for Evaluation, Management, and Control of Lead Hazards in Facilities

    E2110 Terminology for Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS)

    E2115 Guide for Conducting Lead Hazard Assessments of Dwellings and of Other Child-Occupied Facilities

    E2151 Terminology of Guides for Specifying and Evaluating Performance of Single Family Attached and Detached Dwellings

    E2239 Practice for Record Keeping and Record Preservation for Lead Hazard Activities

    E2255 Practice for Conducting Visual Assessments for Lead Hazards in Buildings

    E2265 Terminology for Anchors and Fasteners in Concrete and Masonry

    E2271 Practice for Clearance Examinations Following Lead Hazard Reduction Activities in Dwellings, and in Other Child-Occupied Facilities

    F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems

    F1156 Terminology Relating to Product Counterfeit Protection Systems

    G15 Terminology Relating to Corrosion and Corrosion Testing

    G40 Terminology Relating to Wear and Erosion

    EPA Document

    40 CFR 745.223 Lead; Identification of Dangerous Levels of Lead


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.91 (Construction materials and building (Vocabularies)); 91.010.01 (Construction industry in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard
    Link Here
    Link to Active (This link will always route to the current Active version of the standard.)

    DOI: 10.1520/E0631-15

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E631-15, Standard Terminology of Building Constructions, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015, www.astm.org

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