ASTM E631 - 15

    Standard Terminology of Building Constructions

    Active Standard ASTM E631 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.94

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.11

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This Terminology consists of terms and definitions pertaining to the subject field of buildings and building construction, and in particular, terms related to the standards generated by ASTM Committee E06 on Performance of Buildings.

    1.2 The purpose of this Terminology is to provide preferred and admitted designations along with the meanings and explanations of technical concepts applied in the subject field of buildings and construction, written for both the non-expert and the expert user.

    1.3 This comprehensive Terminology standard contains all ASTM standardized definitions generated in ASTM Committee E06 that are considered general in nature. Beyond this comprehensive terminology, there are also separate terminology standards that have been developed within Committee E06 by a number of technical subcommittees.

    1.3.1 These separate general terminologies are created relative to specific subject fields and the terminological entries have been grouped for convenient use (see Section 2 and Appendix X1). Some terminology data contained in those other subsidiary terminology standards also appear in this comprehensive standard.

    1.3.2 The following standards are separate terminologies that have been developed within specific E06 Subcommittees whose term entry lists are provided in Appendix X1:


    Terminology of Building Economics


    Terminology of Facility Management (Building-Related)


    Terminology of Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings


    Terminology Relating to Lead in Buildings


    Terminology Relating to Rigid Wall Relocatable Shelters


    Terminology for Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS)


    Terminology of Guides for Specifying and Evaluating Performance
       of Single Family Attached and Detached Dwellings


    Terminology for Anchors and Fasteners in Concrete and Masonry

    1.4 Terms are listed in alphabetical sequence. Compound terms appear in the natural spoken order. To show the relationships in certain families of concepts, groups of narrower terms and their definitions are grouped under the definition of the broader term. Each such sub-entry is listed also (in italics) with a cross-reference to the special class.

    1.5 Certain standard definitions herein are adopted from other sources. Each is an exact copy. The source is identified at the right margin following the definition, and is listed in Section 2.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    C168 Terminology Relating to Thermal Insulation

    C274 Terminology of Structural Sandwich Constructions

    C460 Terminology for Asbestos-Cement

    C582 Specification for Contact-Molded Reinforced Thermosetting Plastic (RTP) Laminates for Corrosion-Resistant Equipment

    C755 Practice for Selection of Water Vapor Retarders for Thermal Insulation

    D123 Terminology Relating to Textiles

    D907 Terminology of Adhesives

    E73 Practice for Static Load Testing of Truss Assemblies

    E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E148 Specification for Apparatus for Microdetermination of Nitrogen by the Dumas Method

    E344 Terminology Relating to Thermometry and Hydrometry

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E489 Test Method for Tensile Strength Properties of Metal Connector Plates

    E564 Practice for Static Load Test for Shear Resistance of Framed Walls for Buildings

    E774 Specification for the Classification of the Durability of Sealed Insulating Glass Units

    E779 Test Method for Determining Air Leakage Rate by Fan Pressurization

    E833 Terminology of Building Economics

    E859 Test Method for Air Erosion of Sprayed Fire-Resistive Materials (SFRMs) Applied to Structural Members

    E985 Specification for Permanent Metal Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings

    E998 Test Method for Structural Performance of Glass in Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under the Influence of Uniform Static Loads by Nondestructive Method

    E1065 Guide for Evaluating Characteristics of Ultrasonic Search Units

    E1186 Practices for Air Leakage Site Detection in Building Envelopes and Air Barrier Systems

    E1334 Practice for Rating the Serviceability of a Building or Building-Related Facility

    E1480 Terminology of Facility Management (Building-Related)

    E1481 Terminology of Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings

    E1553 Practice for Collection of Airborne Particulate Lead During Abatement and Construction Activities

    E1554 Test Methods for Determining Air Leakage of Air Distribution Systems by Fan Pressurization

    E1566 Guide for Handling Hazardous Biological Materials in Liquid Nitrogen

    E1605 Terminology Relating to Lead in Buildings

    E1613 Test Method for Determination of Lead by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS), or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS) Techniques

    E1644 Practice for Hot Plate Digestion of Dust Wipe Samples for the Determination of Lead

    E1677 Specification for Air Barrier (AB) Material or System for Low-Rise Framed Building Walls

    E1679 Practice for Setting the Requirements for the Serviceability of a Building or Building-Related Facility

    E1726 Practice for Preparation of Soil Samples by Hotplate Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis

    E1749 Terminology Relating to Rigid Wall Relocatable Shelters

    E1753 Practice for Use of Qualitative Chemical Spot Test Kits for Detection of Lead in Dry Paint Films

    E1775 Guide for Evaluating Performance of On-Site Extraction and Field-Portable Electrochemical or Spectrophotometric Analysis for Lead

    E1783 Specification for Preformed Architectural Strip Seals for Buildings and Parking Structures

    E1792 Specification for Wipe Sampling Materials for Lead in Surface Dust

    E1796 Guide for Selection and Use of Liquid Coating Encapsulation Products for Leaded Paint in Buildings

    E1807 Terminology Pertaining to Metal Connector Plates

    E1827 Test Methods for Determining Airtightness of Buildings Using an Orifice Blower Door

    E1828 Practice for Evaluating the Performance Characteristics of Qualitative Chemical Spot Test Kits for Lead in Paint

    E1918 Test Method for Measuring Solar Reflectance of Horizontal and Low-Sloped Surfaces in the Field

    F221 Terminology Relating to Carbon Paper and Inked Ribbon Products and Images Made Therefrom

    F412 Terminology Relating to Plastic Piping Systems

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.91 (Construction materials and building (Vocabularies)); 91.010.01 (Construction industry in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30000000(Structures and Building and Construction and Manufacturing Components and Supplies)

    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E0631-15

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E631-15, Standard Terminology of Building Constructions, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015,

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