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    ASTM E631 - 15

    Standard Terminology of Building Constructions

    Active Standard ASTM E631 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.94

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.11

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    1. Scope

    1.1 This Terminology consists of terms and definitions pertaining to the subject field of buildings and building construction, and in particular, terms related to the standards generated by ASTM Committee E06 on Performance of Buildings.

    1.2 The purpose of this Terminology is to provide preferred and admitted designations along with the meanings and explanations of technical concepts applied in the subject field of buildings and construction, written for both the non-expert and the expert user.

    1.3 This comprehensive Terminology standard contains all ASTM standardized definitions generated in ASTM Committee E06 that are considered general in nature. Beyond this comprehensive terminology, there are also separate terminology standards that have been developed within Committee E06 by a number of technical subcommittees.

    1.3.1 These separate general terminologies are created relative to specific subject fields and the terminological entries have been grouped for convenient use (see Section 2 and Appendix X1). Some terminology data contained in those other subsidiary terminology standards also appear in this comprehensive standard.

    1.3.2 The following standards are separate terminologies that have been developed within specific E06 Subcommittees whose term entry lists are provided in Appendix X1:


    Terminology of Building Economics


    Terminology of Facility Management (Building-Related)


    Terminology of Railing Systems and Rails for Buildings


    Terminology Relating to Lead in Buildings


    Terminology Relating to Rigid Wall Relocatable Shelters


    Terminology for Exterior Insulation and Finish Systems (EIFS)


    Terminology of Guides for Specifying and Evaluating Performance
       of Single Family Attached and Detached Dwellings


    Terminology for Anchors and Fasteners in Concrete and Masonry

    1.4 Terms are listed in alphabetical sequence. Compound terms appear in the natural spoken order. To show the relationships in certain families of concepts, groups of narrower terms and their definitions are grouped under the definition of the broader term. Each such sub-entry is listed also (in italics) with a cross-reference to the special class.

    1.5 Certain standard definitions herein are adopted from other sources. Each is an exact copy. The source is identified at the right margin following the definition, and is listed in Section 2.

    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E73 Practice for Static Load Testing of Truss Assemblies

    E96/E96M Test Methods for Water Vapor Transmission of Materials

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E546 Test Method for Frost/Dew Point of Sealed Insulating Glass Units

    E564 Practice for Static Load Test for Shear Resistance of Framed Walls for Buildings

    E621 Practice for Use of Metric (SI) Units in Building Design and Construction(Committee E06 Supplement to E380)

    E774 Specification for the Classification of the Durability of Sealed Insulating Glass Units

    E779 Test Method for Determining Air Leakage Rate by Fan Pressurization

    E859 Test Method for Air Erosion of Sprayed Fire-Resistive Materials (SFRMs) Applied to Structural Members

    E997 Test Method for Evaluating Glass Breakage Probability Under the Influence of Uniform Static Loads by Proof Load Testing

    E998 Test Method for Structural Performance of Glass in Windows, Curtain Walls, and Doors Under the Influence of Uniform Static Loads by Nondestructive Method

    E1186 Practices for Air Leakage Site Detection in Building Envelopes and Air Barrier Systems

    E1334 Practice for Rating the Serviceability of a Building or Building-Related Facility

    E1423 Practice for Determining Steady State Thermal Transmittance of Fenestration Systems

    E1480 Terminology of Facility Management (Building-Related)

    E1553 Practice for Collection of Airborne Particulate Lead During Abatement and Construction Activities

    E1554/E1554M Test Methods for Determining Air Leakage of Air Distribution Systems by Fan Pressurization

    E1613 Test Method for Determination of Lead by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES), Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (FAAS), or Graphite Furnace Atomic Absorption Spectrometry (GFAAS) Techniques

    E1644 Practice for Hot Plate Digestion of Dust Wipe Samples for the Determination of Lead

    E1645 Practice for Preparation of Dried Paint Samples by Hotplate or Microwave Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis

    E1677 Specification for Air Barrier (AB) Material or System for Low-Rise Framed Building Walls

    E1679 Practice for Setting the Requirements for the Serviceability of a Building or Building-Related Facility, and for Determining What Serviceability is Provided or Proposed

    E1726 Practice for Preparation of Soil Samples by Hotplate Digestion for Subsequent Lead Analysis

    E1727 Practice for Field Collection of Soil Samples for Subsequent Lead Determination

    E1728 Practice for Collection of Settled Dust Samples Using Wipe Sampling Methods for Subsequent Lead Determination

    E1729 Practice for Field Collection of Dried Paint Samples for Subsequent Lead Determination

    E1753 Practice for Use of Qualitative Chemical Spot Test Kits for Detection of Lead in Dry Paint Films

    E1775 Guide for Evaluating Performance of On-Site Extraction and Field-Portable Electrochemical or Spectrophotometric Analysis for Lead

    E1783/E1783M Specification for Preformed Architectural Strip Seals for Buildings and Parking Structures

    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 01.040.91 (Construction materials and building (Vocabularies)); 91.010.01 (Construction industry in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30000000(Structures and Building and Construction and Manufacturing Components and Supplies)

    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E0631-15

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E631-15, Standard Terminology of Building Constructions, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2015,

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