Significance and Use
Either test method may be used to determine the concentrations of diethylene glycol in ethylene glycol. The concentrations of the components are obtained by a normalization technique, based on the assumption that all components are eluted under the conditions used. If all components should not be eluted, the calculated concentrations will be erroneously high, with the major component showing the most significant absolute error. Since water is not detected by these procedures, the results are on a water-free basis. Water may be determined in accordance with the applicable sections of Test Methods E 202 and the gas chromatographic results corrected for the water concentration.
Both test methods are currently in industrial use. Test Method A is the simpler of the two test methods because it does not require the preparation of derivatives prior to gas chromatographic analysis. The results obtained by Test Method A are slightly more accurate than those obtained by Test Method B. With respect to precision there is no significant difference between the two test methods. Test Method B has been reported to be suitable also for the analysis of a wide variety of glycol ethers, but this use is beyond the scope of this standard.
1.1 These test methods are intended primarily for the analysis of mixtures of ethylene and diethylene glycols in which the diethylene glycol concentration is 0.1 % or less. Both test methods should be applicable to higher concentrations of diethylene glycol, but precision and bias estimates have been obtained only for 0.05 to 0.1 % diethylene glycol.
Note 1—Test Methods E 202 describe another gas chromatographic test method applicable to mixtures of ethylene, diethylene, and triethylene glycols and mixtures of propylene, dipropylene, and tripropylene glycols in which one of the glycols is the principal component and the other two are present in concentrations of 0.1 to 1 % each.
Note 2—Test Method E 2409 describes another gas chromatographic test method for the determination of glycol impurities in mono-, di-, tri- and tetraethylene glycol (MEG, DEG, TEG and TeEG) in the range of 5 to 3000 μg/g.
1.2 The two test methods are given as follows:
|Test Method A—Nonderivative Method||5 to 13|
|Test Method B—Derivative Method||14 to 22|
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard with the exception of foot-pound units for apparatus descriptions.
1.4 Review the current Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first aid procedures, and safety precautions for chemicals used in this standard.
1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For a specific warning statement, see 15.1.5.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals
E202 Test Methods for Analysis of Ethylene Glycols and Propylene Glycols
E2409 Test Method for Glycol Impurities in Mono-, Di-, Tri- and Tetraethylene Glycol (Gas Chromatographic Method)
diethylene glycol; ethylene glycol; gas chromatograph; Diethylene glycol; Ethylene glycol; Gas chromatography (GC)--chemicals; Low concentrations (of elements)
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