Significance and Use
A key consideration with any radiographic system is its capability to resolve detail (that is, sensitivity). The degree of obtainable sensitivity with a given system is dependent upon several radiographic parameters such as source energy level, film type, type and thickness of intensifying screens, exposure (density), etc. This guide permits the user to estimate the degree of sensitivity that may be obtained with X rays and cobalt-60 gamma rays when using a prescribed set of radiographic parameters. This guide may also be used in conjunction with Test Method E 746 to provide a basis for developing data for evaluation of a user's specific system. This data may assist a user in determining appropriate parameters for obtaining desired degrees of radiographic system sensitivity. An alternate to this approach is the use of those adjunct radiographic illustrations detailed in Section 6.
1.1 This guide to obtainable equivalent penetrameter sensitivity covers the minimum penetrameter thicknesses for which the image of the 1T and 2T holes is visible for a few practical radiographic conditions. The values represent near optimum sensitivity for flat steel plates. Radiographic conditions that give higher values of scatter buildup from the specimen or backscattered radiation at the image plane will give poorer sensitivity.
1.2 Eight radiographs that illustrate sensitivities obtainable with practical radiographic systems are included as adjuncts to this guide and may be obtained from ASTM.
1.3 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
NAVSEA Technical Pub Requirements for Nondestructive Testing Methods
ISO 7004 Photography--Industrial Radiographic Films--Determination of ISO Speed, ISO Average Gradient, and ISO Gradients G2 adn G4 When Exposed to X- and Gamma-Radiation Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036.
E746 Practice for Determining Relative Image Quality Response of Industrial Radiographic Imaging Systems
E999 Guide for Controlling the Quality of Industrial Radiographic Film Processing
E1025 Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
cobalt 60; density; equivalent penetrameter sensitivity; exposure; reference radiographic illustrations; X rays; Cobalt-60 radiography; Density; Equivalent penetrameter; Exposure tests; Penetrameters; Radiographic examination; Reference radiographs; Sensitivity criterion/response; Steel plate; X-ray monitoring/processing;
ICS Number Code 77.040.20 (Non-destructive testing of metals)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
[Back to Top]