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Significance and Use
5.1 Refer to Guide E844 for the selection, irradiation, and quality control of neutron dosimeters.
5.2 Refer to Test Method E261 for a general discussion of the determination of fast-neutron fluence rate with threshold detectors.
5.5 The isotopic content of natural titanium recommended for 46Ti is 8.25 %.3
5.8 46Ti and 46Sc have cross sections for thermal neutrons of 0.59 and 8 barns, respectively5; therefore, when an irradiation exceeds a thermal-neutron fluence greater than about 2 × 1021 cm–2, provisions should be made to either use a thermal-neutron shield to prevent burn-up of 46Sc or measure the thermal-neutron fluence rate and calculate the burn-up.
5.9 Fig. 1 shows a plot of cross section versus neutron energy for the fast-neutron reactions of titanium which produce 46Sc [that is, NatTi(n,X)46Sc]. Included in the plot is the 46Ti(n,p) reaction6 and the 47Ti(n,np) contribution to the 46Sc production,7 normalized (at 14.7 MeV)8 per 46Ti atom. This figure is for illustrative purposes only to indicate the range of response of the 46Ti(n,p) reaction. Refer to Guide E1018 for descriptions of recommended tabulated dosimetry cross sections.
1.2 The reaction is useful for measuring neutrons with energies above approximately 4.4 MeV and for irradiation times up to about 250 days (for longer irradiations, see Practice E261).
1.3 With suitable techniques, fission-neutron fluence rates above 109 cm–2·s–1 can be determined. However, in the presence of a high thermal-neutron fluence rate, 46Sc depletion should be investigated.
1.4 Detailed procedures for other fast-neutron detectors are referenced in Practice E261.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E170 Terminology Relating to Radiation Measurements and Dosimetry
E181 Test Methods for Detector Calibration and Analysis of Radionuclides
E261 Practice for Determining Neutron Fluence, Fluence Rate, and Spectra by Radioactivation Techniques
E262 Test Method for Determining Thermal Neutron Reaction Rates and Thermal Neutron Fluence Rates by Radioactivation Techniques
E844 Guide for Sensor Set Design and Irradiation for Reactor Surveillance, E 706 (IIC)
E944 Guide for Application of Neutron Spectrum Adjustment Methods in Reactor Surveillance, E 706 (IIA)
E1005 Test Method for Application and Analysis of Radiometric Monitors for Reactor Vessel Surveillance, E 706 (IIIA)
E1018 Guide for Application of ASTM Evaluated Cross Section Data File, Matrix E706 (IIB)
ICS Number Code 17.240 (Radiation measurements); 27.120.30 (Fissile materials and nuclear fuel technology)
UNSPSC Code 26142004(Neutron irradiators); 26142108(Nuclear reactor in core neutron flux instrumentation)
ASTM E526-08(2013), Standard Test Method for Measuring Fast-Neutron Reaction Rates by Radioactivation of Titanium, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2013, www.astm.orgBack to Top