Significance and Use
This test method is a useful adjunct to dynamic thermal tests that are performed under conditions in which the sample temperature is increased continuously at a programmed rate. Results obtained under dynamic test conditions present difficulties in determining the temperature at which an exotherm initiates because onset temperature is dependent on heating rate. The test method described in the present standard attempts to determine the onset temperature under isothermal conditions where the heating rate is zero.
1.1 This test method describes the assessment of constant-temperature stability of chemical materials that undergo exothermic reactions. The techniques and apparatus described may be used on solids, liquids, or slurries of chemical substances.
1.2 When a series of materials is tested by this test method, the results permit ordering the materials relative to each other with respect to their thermal stability.
1.3 Limitations of Test:
1.3.1 This test method is limited to ambient temperatures and above.
1.3.2 This test method determines neither a safe storage temperature nor a safe processing temperature.
Note 1—A safe storage or processing temperature requires that any heat produced by a reaction be removed as fast as generated and that proper consideration be given to hazards associated with reaction products.
1.3.3 When this test method is used to order the relative thermal stability of materials, the tests must be run under the same confinement condition (see 8.3).
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.5 This standard should be used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire hazard or fire risk of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test may be used as elements of a fire risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a particular end use.
1.6 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems associated with its use. It is the responsibility of whoever uses this standard to consult and establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E473 Terminology Relating to Thermal Analysis and Rheology
E537 Test Method for The Thermal Stability of Chemicals by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
E967 Test Method for Temperature Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters and Differential Thermal Analyzers
E968 Practice for Heat Flow Calibration of Differential Scanning Calorimeters
E1445 Terminology Relating to Hazard Potential of Chemicals
E1860 Test Method for Elapsed Time Calibration of Thermal Analyzers
constant temperature stability (CTS); differential scanning calorimetry (DSC); differential thermal analysis (DTA); hazard potential; reactions, thermal; thermal analysis; thermal hazard; thermal stability; Chemicals (fire/flammability testing); Constant-temperature stability; Exothermic temperature analysis; Hazard assessment/potential--liquid chemicals; Isothermal conditions/testing; Liquid chemicals; Stability; Temperature tests--chemicals;
ICS Number Code 07.030 (Physics. Chemistry)
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Citing ASTM Standards
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