ASTM E445 / E445M - 88(2013)

    Standard Test Method for Stopping Distance on Paved Surfaces Using a Passenger Vehicle Equipped With Full-Scale Tires

    Active Standard ASTM E445 / E445M | Developed by Subcommittee: E17.21

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 The knowledge of vehicle stopping distance serves as an additional tool in characterizing the pavement surface skid resistance. When used in conjunction with other physical and chemical tests, the skid resistance values derived from this test method may determine the suitability and adequacy of paving materials or finishing techniques. Improvements in pavement maintenance practices and schedules may result from use of this test method.

    4.2 The stopping distance values measured by this test method with the equipment and procedures stated herein do not necessarily agree or correlate directly with other methods of skid-resistance measurements.5,6 This test method is suitable for research and development purposes, where direct comparison between pavement surfaces are to be made within the same test program.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the measurement of stopping distance on paved surfaces with a passenger vehicle equipped with specified full-scale automobile tires.

    1.2 This test method utilizes a measurement of stopping distances representing the non-steady state skid resistance on four locked wheels as the vehicle decelerates over a wetted pavement surface under specified limits of static wheel load and from a desired speed, while the vehicle remains essentially parallel to its original direction of motion.

    1.3 The values stated in either SI units or inch-pound units are to be regarded separately as standard. The values stated in each system may not be exact equivalents; therefore, each system shall be used independently of the other. Combining values from the two systems may result in non-conformance with the standard.

    1.4 This standard may involve hazardous materials, operations, and equipment. This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E178 Practice for Dealing With Outlying Observations

    E274 Test Method for Skid Resistance of Paved Surfaces Using a Full-Scale Tire

    E501 Specification for Rib Tire for Pavement Skid-Resistance Tests

    F403 Test Method for Tires for Wet Traction in Straight-Ahead Braking, Using Highway Vehicles

    F457 Test Method for Speed and Distance Calibration of Fifth Wheel Equipped With Either Analog or Digital Instrumentation


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 43.020 (Road vehicles in general); 93.080.20 (Road construction materials)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 25172500(Tires and tire tubes); 30120000(Roads and landscape)


    DOI: 10.1520/E0445_E0445M

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