Significance and Use
This test method is applicable to the determination of trace amounts of aldehydes and ketones in aqueous solutions and a wide variety of organic solvents.
1.1 This test method covers the determination of total carbonyl in the range from 0.5 to 50 μg calculated as CO.
1.2 This test method is intended to be general and does not include steps for sample preparation.
1.3 Acetals that hydrolyze under the conditions of the test are also determined.
1.4 Carbonyl derivatives such as acetals and imines that are easily hydrolyzed may be determined by an alternative procedure.
1.5 The developed color is not stable and must be measured within a specified period.
Note 1—Other test methods for the determination of traces of carbonyl compounds are given in Test Methods D1089, D1612, D2119, and D2191.
1.6 Review the current appropriate Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first aid procedures, and safety precautions.
1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.
1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards statements are given in Note 4 and Section 8.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1089 Method of Test for Carbonyl Content of Butadiene
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
D1612 Test Method for Acetone in Methanol
D2119 Test Method for Aldehydes in Styrene Monomer
D2191 Test Method for Acetaldehyde Content of Vinyl Acetate
E60 Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry
E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals
E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals
aldehydes; carbonyl; 2,4-dinitrophenylhydrazine; ketones; Carbonyl content; Chemical analysis--chemicals; 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine
ICS Number Code 71.080.80 (Aldehydes and ketones)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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