ASTM E411 - 12

    Standard Test Method for Trace Quantities of Carbonyl Compounds with 2,4-Dinitrophenylhydrazine

    Active Standard ASTM E411 | Developed by Subcommittee: E15.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 15.05


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    ASTM E411

    Significance and Use

    This test method is applicable to the determination of trace amounts of aldehydes and ketones in aqueous solutions and a wide variety of organic solvents.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of total carbonyl in the range from 0.5 to 50 μg calculated as CO.

    1.2 This test method is intended to be general and does not include steps for sample preparation.

    1.3 Acetals that hydrolyze under the conditions of the test are also determined.

    1.4 Carbonyl derivatives such as acetals and imines that are easily hydrolyzed may be determined by an alternative procedure.

    1.5 The developed color is not stable and must be measured within a specified period.

    Note 1—Other test methods for the determination of traces of carbonyl compounds are given in Test Methods D1089, D1612, D2119, and D2191.

    1.6 Review the current appropriate Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first aid procedures, and safety precautions.

    1.7 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.8 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazards statements are given in Note 4 and Section 8.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1089 Method of Test for Carbonyl Content of Butadiene

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    D1612 Test Method for Acetone in Methanol

    D2119 Test Method for Aldehydes in Styrene Monomer

    D2191 Test Method for Acetaldehyde Content of Vinyl Acetate

    E60 Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry

    E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals

    E300 Practice for Sampling Industrial Chemicals


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.080.80 (Aldehydes and ketones)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 12352100(Organic derivatives and substituted compounds)


    DOI: 10.1520/E0411-12

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