ASTM E34 - 11e1

    Standard Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Aluminum and Aluminum-Base Alloys

    Active Standard ASTM E34 | Developed by Subcommittee: E01.04

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.05


    Buy Standard (PDF)
    27 pages
    $60.00
    Buy Standard (Print)
    27 pages
    $60.00

    Historical (view previous versions of standard)


    ASTM E34

    Significance and Use

    These test methods for the chemical analysis of metals and alloys are primarily intended to test such materials for compliance with compositional specifications. It is assumed that all who use these test methods will be trained analysts capable of performing common laboratory procedures skillfully and safely. It is expected that work will be performed in a properly equipped laboratory.


    Note—Shaded areas are suitable for sampling.

    FIG. 1 Type A and Type B Disks

    1. Scope

    1.1 These test methods cover the chemical analysis of aluminum and aluminum-base alloys having compositions within the following limits:

    Beryllium, ppm0.3 to 100
    Bismuth, %0.02 to 1.0
    Boron, %0.005 to 0.060
    Cadmium, %0.001 to 0.50
    Chromium, %0.01 to 1.0
    Copper, %0.01 to 20.0
    Gallium, %0.001 to 0.05
    Iron, %0.01 to 3.0
    Lead, %0.01 to 1.0
    Lithium, %0.001 to 4.0
    Magnesium, %0.002 to 12.0
    Manganese, %0.005 to 2.0
    Nickel, %0.01 to 4.0
    Silicon, %0.05 to 20.0
    Tin, %0.03 to 1.0
    Titanium, %0.002 to 0.30
    Vanadium, %0.002 to 0.16
    Zinc, %0.003 to 12.0
    Zirconium, %0.01 to 0.30

    1.2 The analytical procedures appear in the following sections:

    Procedure Sections
    Beryllium:
    Beryllium by Argon Plasma Optical Emission
    Spectroscopy
    283 to 292
    Beryllium by the Morin (Fluorometric) Test
    Method
    1e
    Bismuth:
    Bismuth by the Thiourea (Photometric) Method1a
    Bismuth and Lead by the Atomic Absorption
    Test Method
    188 to 198
    Boron:
    Boron by the Carmine (Photometric) Test Method1e
    Cadmium:
    Cadmium by the Atomic Absorption Test Method167 to 177
    Chromium:
    Chromium by the Diphenylcarbazide (Photometric)
    Test Method
    1e
    Chromium by the Persulfate Oxidation (Titrimetric)
    Test Method
    1b
    Chromium by the Atomic Absorption Test Method199 to 209
    Copper:
    Copper and Lead by the Electrolytic (Gravimetric)
    Test Method
    1c
    Copper and Zinc by the Atomic Absorption
    Spectometry Test Method
    210 to 220
    Copper by the Electrolytic (Gravimetric) Test Method303 to 311
    Copper by the Neocuproine (Photometric)
    Test Method
    1a
    Gallium:
    Gallium by the Ion Exchange-Atomic Absorption
    Test Method
    312 to 323
    Iron:
    Iron by the 1,10-Phenanthroline (Photometric) Method 73 to 81
    Iron and Manganese by the Atomic Absorption
    Spectometry Method
    221 to 231
    Lead:
    Copper and Lead by the Electrolytic (Gravimetric)
    Test Method
    1 c
    Bismuth and Lead by the Atomic Absorption
    Spectrometry Test Method
    188 to 198
    Lithium:
    Lithium by the Atomic Absorption Test Method324 to 334
    Magnesium:
    Magnesium by the Pyrophosphate (Gravimetric)
    Method
    1 b
    Magnesium by the Ethylenediamine Tetraacetate
    (Titrimetric) Test Method
    1 e
    Magnesium by the Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    Test Method
    232 to 242
    Manganese:
    Iron and Manganese by the Atomic Absorption
    Spectrometry Test Method
    221 to 231
    Manganese by the Periodate (Photometric)
    Test Method
    293 to 302
    Nickel:
    Nickel by the Dimethylglyoxime (Photometric)
    Test Method
    1a
    Nickel by the Dimethylglyoxime (Gravimetric)
    Test Method
    1b
    Nickel by the Atomic Absorption Spectrometry
    Test Method
    243 to 253
    Silicon:
    Silicon by the Molybdisilicic Acid (Photometric)
    Test Method
    1 e
    Silicon by the Sodium Hydroxide-Perchloric Acid
    (Gravimetric) Method
    1 e
    Tin:
    Tin by the Iodate (Titrimetric) Test Method1 e
    Titanium:
    Titanium by the Chromotropic Acid (Photometric)
    Test Method
    141 to 150
    Titanium by the Diantipyrylmethane Photometric
    Test Method
    254 to 263
    Vanadium:
    Vanadium by an Extraction-Photometric Test Method
    using N-Benzoyl-N-Phenylhydroxylamine
    264 to 273
    Zinc:
    Zinc by the Ammonium Mercuric Thiocyanate or the
    Zinc Oxide (Gravimetric) Test Method
    1b
    Zinc by the Ethylenediamine Tetraacetate
    (Titrimetric) Test Method
    1d
    Copper and Zinc by the Atomic Absorption
    Spectrometry Test Method
    210 to 220
    Zinc by the Ion Exchange-EDTA Titrimetric
    Test Method
    274 to 282
    Zirconium:
    Zirconium by the Arsenazo III (Photometric) Method178 to 187

    1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.

    1.4 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific hazard statements are given throughout these test methods.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E29 Practice for Using Significant Digits in Test Data to Determine Conformance with Specifications

    E50 Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Considerations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E55 Practice for Sampling Wrought Nonferrous Metals and Alloys for Determination of Chemical Composition

    E60 Practice for Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials by Spectrophotometry

    E88 Practice for Sampling Nonferrous Metals and Alloys in Cast Form for Determination of Chemical Composition

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E173 Practice for Conducting Interlaboratory Studies of Methods for Chemical Analysis of Metals

    E716 Practices for Sampling and Sample Preparation of Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys for Determination of Chemical Composition by Spectrochemical Analysis

    E1024 Guide for Chemical Analysis of Metals and Metal Bearing Ores by Flame Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometry

    E1479 Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers

    E1601 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.040.30 (Chemical analysis of metals)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11172000(Aluminum based alloys)


    DOI: 10.1520/E0034-11E01

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    ASTM E34

    Citing ASTM Standards
    Back to Top