ASTM E331 - 00(2009)

    Standard Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference

    Active Standard ASTM E331 | Developed by Subcommittee: E06.51

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.11


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    Significance and Use

    This test method is a standard procedure for determining the resistance to water penetration under uniform static air pressure differences. The air-pressure differences acting across a building envelope vary greatly. These factors should be fully considered prior to specifying the test pressure difference to be used.

    Note 1—In applying the results of tests by this test method, note that the performance of a wall or its components, or both, may be a function of proper installation and adjustment. In service, the performance will also depend on the rigidity of supporting construction and on the resistance of components to deterioration by various causes, vibration, thermal expansion and contraction, etc. It is difficult to simulate the identical complex wetting conditions that can be encountered in service, with large wind-blown water drops, increasing water drop impact pressures with increasing wind velocity, and lateral or upward moving air and water. Some designs are more sensitive than others to this upward moving water.

    Note 2—This test method does not identify unobservable liquid water which may penetrate into the test specimen.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the determination of the resistance of exterior windows, curtain walls, skylights, and doors to water penetration when water is applied to the outdoor face and exposed edges simultaneously with a uniform static air pressure at the outdoor face higher than the pressure at the indoor face.

    1.2 This test method is applicable to any curtain-wall area or to windows, skylights, or doors alone.

    1.3 This test method addresses water penetration through a manufactured assembly. Water that penetrates the assembly, but does not result in a failure as defined herein, may have adverse effects on the performance of contained materials such as sealants and insulating or laminated glass. This test method does not address these issues.

    1.4 The proper use of this test method requires a knowledge of the principles of pressure measurement.

    1.5 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.

    1.6 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. For specific hazard statements, see 7.1.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E631 Terminology of Building Constructions


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 91.060.10 (Walls. Partitions. Facades); 91.060.50 (Doors and windows)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 30170000(Doors and windows and glass); 30162400(Partition walls)


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E0331-00R09

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E331-00(2009), Standard Test Method for Water Penetration of Exterior Windows, Skylights, Doors, and Curtain Walls by Uniform Static Air Pressure Difference, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2009, www.astm.org

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