ASTM E322 - 12

    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Low-Alloy Steels and Cast Irons by Wavelength Dispersive X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry

    Active Standard ASTM E322 | Developed by Subcommittee: E01.01

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.05


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    Significance and Use

    This test method is comparative and intended for use as a routine method to test materials for compliance with compositional specifications. It is assumed that all who use this test method will be trained analysts capable of performing common laboratory procedures skillfully and safely. It is expected that work will be performed in a properly equipped laboratory under appropriate quality control practices, such as those described in Guide E882.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the X-ray fluorescence spectrometric analysis of low-alloy steels and cast irons for the following elements in the ranges indicated:

    ElementsMass Fraction Range, %
    Manganese0.20 to 1.50
    Nickel0.10 to 1.00
    Chromium0.10 to 1.00
    Molybdenum0.04 to 0.40
    Copper0.05 to 0.30
    Vanadium0.03 to 0.25

    Note 1—These mass fraction ranges can be extended by the use of suitable reference materials. The detection limit for the elements is lower than the listed minimum value. The ranges represent the actual levels at which this test method was tested.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E350 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Carbon Steel, Low-Alloy Steel, Silicon Electrical Steel, Ingot Iron, and Wrought Iron

    E351 Test Methods for Chemical Analysis of Cast Iron--All Types

    E882 Guide for Accountability and Quality Control in the Chemical Analysis Laboratory

    E1361 Guide for Correction of Interelement Effects in X-Ray Spectrometric Analysis

    E1621 Guide for X-Ray Emission Spectrometric Analysis


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.140.80 (Iron and steel castings)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11101704(Steel); 41115403(Spectrometers)


    DOI: 10.1520/E0322-12

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