ASTM E303 - 93(2013)

    Standard Test Method for Measuring Surface Frictional Properties Using the British Pendulum Tester

    Active Standard ASTM E303 | Developed by Subcommittee: E17.23

    Book of Standards Volume: 04.03


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 This test method provides a measure of a frictional property, microtexture, of surfaces, either in the field or in the laboratory.

    4.2 This test method may be used to determine the relative effects of various polishing processes on materials or material combinations.

    4.3 The values measured in accordance with this method do not necessarily agree or directly correlate with those obtained utilizing other methods of determining friction properties or skid resistance.

    Note 1BPN and polish values from similar types of surfaces will not be numerically equal, primarily because of the differences in slide length and surface shape. Theoretical correction of the polish values to obtain numerical equality, either by mathematical manipulation or by use of special measuring scales is not recommended.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method covers the procedure for measuring surface frictional properties using the British Pendulum Skid Resistance Tester.2 A method for calibration of the tester is included in the Annex.

    1.2 The British Pendulum Tester is a dynamic pendulum impact-type tester used to measure the energy loss when a rubber slider edge is propelled over a test surface. The tester is suited for laboratory as well as field tests on flat surfaces, and for polish value measurements on curved laboratory specimens from accelerated polishing-wheel tests.

    1.3 The values measured, BPN = British Pendulum (Tester) Number for flat surfaces and polish values for accelerated polishing-wheel specimens, represent the frictional properties obtained with the apparatus and the procedures stated herein and do not necessarily agree or correlate with other slipperiness measuring equipment.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E501 Specification for Rib Tire for Pavement Skid-Resistance Tests


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.040.20 (Properties of surfaces)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/E0303

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