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Significance and Use
Dilute solutions of peroxides in various organic solvents frequently are used as catalysts or reaction initiators. Peroxides also can be formed through autoxidation in certain classes of compounds including ethers, acetals, dienes, and alkylaromatic hydrocarbons and present a potential safety hazard. This test method provides a procedure for determining the peroxide or active oxygen level.
1.1 This test method , covers organic solvents containing active oxygen in the range from 5 to 80 μg/g (ppm) or higher. By using a special reaction-absorption cell, the test method can be extended to cover the range from 0 to 5 ppm. The test method can be used to determine numerous peroxide classes of varying reactivity such as hydroperoxides, diacyl peroxides, diaroyl peroxides, peresters, and ketone peroxides. The stable di-tert-alkyl peroxides do not react under the conditions of analysis.
1.2 Solvents that can be analyzed successfully include saturated and aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, ethers, ketones, and esters. In addition, the test method is applicable to olefinic solvents and to certain compounds that contain α, β, and conjugated unsaturation. Solid samples that are soluble in the acetic acid-chloroform solvent also can be analyzed.
1.3 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are for information only.
1.4 This standard does not purport to address the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.5 Review the current Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) for detailed information concerning toxicity, first aid practices, and safety precautions.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D1193 Specification for Reagent Water
E180 Practice for Determining the Precision of ASTM Methods for Analysis and Testing of Industrial and Specialty Chemicals
ICS Number Code 71.100.99 (Other products of the chemical industry)
UNSPSC Code 12352120(Organic peroxides)