ASTM E2930 - 13

    Standard Practice for Pressure Decay Leak Test Method

    Active Standard ASTM E2930 | Developed by Subcommittee: E07.08

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.03


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    Significance and Use

    5.1 The equipment, test duration, and technique should be determined before commencement of the test based on the required test sensitivity or accuracy (see Annex A1 and Annex A2). If the test is used to certify that the vessel has a minimum specified leakage rate, then the test equipment and test duration should be chosen to have a resolution ten times less than the specification and an accuracy which is four times less than the specification. The test should be designed so that the total pressure change is less than 10 % of the starting pressure. Leak test specifications should specify the vessel test pressure or differential pressure. If the test specification does not specify a test pressure, then a safe test pressure should be used that complies with the applicable safety standards7.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice describes a method for determining the leakage rate of a vessel subject to a positive pressure difference. The technique is based upon evaluation of the change of mass within the test object based on a pressure decay measurement. The pressure decay measurement uses the ideal gas equation of state and the measured pressures, temperatures, and time to determine the mass loss from the vessel. This method does not apply to deformable vessels.

    1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E479 Guide for Preparation of a Leak Testing Specification

    E543 Specification for Agencies Performing Nondestructive Testing

    E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations

    ANSI/ASNT Standards

    ANSI/ASNT-CP-189 Standard for Qualification and Certification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel

    AIA Document

    NAS-410 Certification and Qualification of Nondestructive Testing Personnel

    ASME Standards

    ASME Boiler and Pressure Vessel Code Section V Article 10 (paragraph T-1044)


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 23.020.30 (Pressure vessels, gas cylinders)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/E2930

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