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Significance and Use
5.1 One of the factors affecting the image quality of a radiographic image is geometric unsharpness. The degree of geometric unsharpness is dependent upon the focal spot size of the radiation source, the distance between the source and the object to be radiographed, the distance between the object to be radiographed and the image plane (film, imaging plate, Digital Detector Array (DDA), or radioscopic detector). This test method allows the user to determine the effective focal spot size (dimensions) of the X-ray source. This result can then be used to establish source to object and object to image detector distances appropriate for maintaining the desired degree of geometric unsharpness or maximum magnification possible, or both, for a given radiographic imaging application. The accuracy of this method is dependent upon the spatial resolution of the imaging system, magnification, and signal-to-noise of the resultant images.
1.1 The image quality and the resolution of X-ray images highly depend on the characteristics of the focal spot. The imaging qualities of the focal spot are based on its two dimensional intensity distribution as seen from the imaging place.
1.2 This test method provides instructions for determining the effecting size (dimensions) of mini and micro focal spots of industrial X-ray tubes. It is based on the European standard, EN 12543–5, Non-destructive testing - Characteristics of focal spots in industrial X-ray systems for use in non-destructive testing - Part 5: Measurement of the effective focal spot size of mini and micro focus X-ray tubes.
1.3 This standard specifies a method for the measurement of effective focal spot dimensions from 5 up to 300 μm of X-ray systems up to and including 225 kV tube voltage, by means of radiographs of edges. Larger focal spots should be measured using Test Method E1165 Standard Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E1165 Test Method for Measurement of Focal Spots of Industrial X-Ray Tubes by Pinhole Imaging
E1255 Practice for Radioscopy
E1742 Practice for Radiographic Examination
E1815 Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography
E2002 Practice for Determining Total Image Unsharpness in Radiology
E2033 Practice for Computed Radiology (Photostimulable Luminescence Method)
E2446 Practice for Classification of Computed Radiology Systems
E2597 Practice for Manufacturing Characterization of Digital Detector Arrays
E2698 Practice for Radiological Examination Using Digital Detector Arrays
European StandardsEN12543–5 Non-destructive testing--Characteristics of focal spots in industrial X-ray systems for use in non-destructive testing - Part 5: Measurement of the effective focal spot size of mini and micro focus X-ray tubes
ICS Number Code 11.040.50 (Radiographic equipment); 19.100 (Non-destructive testing)