ASTM E2889 - 12

    Standard Practice for Control of Respiratory Hazards in the Metal Removal Fluid Environment

    Active Standard ASTM E2889 | Developed by Subcommittee: E34.50

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.03


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Exposure to aerosols in the industrial metal removal environment has been associated with adverse respiratory effects.

    4.2 Use of this practice will mitigate occupational exposure and effects of exposure to aerosols in the metal removal environment.

    4.3 Through implementation of this practice users should be able to reduce instances and severity of respiratory irritation and disease through the effective use of a metal removal fluid management program, appropriate product selection, appropriate machine tool design, proper air handling mechanisms, and control of microorganisms.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice sets forth guidelines to control respiratory hazards in the metal removal environment.

    1.2 This practice does not include prevention of dermatitis which is the subject of Practice E2693 but it does adopt a similar systems management approach with many control elements in common.

    1.3 This practice focuses on employee exposure via inhalation of metal removal fluids and associated airborne agents.

    1.4 Metal removal fluids used for wet machining operations (such as cutting, drilling, milling or grinding) that remove metal to produce the finished part are a subset of metalworking fluids. This practice does not apply to other operations (such as stamping, rolling, forging or casting) that use metalworking fluids other than metal removal fluids. These other types of metalworking fluid operations are not included in this document because of limited information on health effects, including epidemiology studies, and on control technologies. Nonetheless, some of the exposure control approaches and guidance contained in this document may be useful for managing respiratory hazards associated with other types of metalworking fluids.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres

    D2881 Classification for Metal Working Fluids and Related Materials

    D7049 Test Method for Metal Removal Fluid Aerosol in Workplace Atmospheres

    E1302 Guide for Acute Animal Toxicity Testing of Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E1370 Guide for Air Sampling Strategies for Worker and Workplace Protection

    E1497 Practice for Selection and Safe Use of Water-Miscible and Straight Oil Metal Removal Fluids

    E1542 Terminology Relating to Occupational Health and Safety

    E1972 Practice for Minimizing Effects of Aerosols in the Wet Metal Removal Environment

    E2144 Practice for Personal Sampling and Analysis of Endotoxin in Metalworking Fluid Aerosols in Workplace Atmospheres

    E2148 Guide for Using Documents Related to Metalworking or Metal Removal Fluid Health and Safety

    E2169 Practice for Selecting Antimicrobial Pesticides for Use in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E2275 Practice for Evaluating Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluid Bioresistance and Antimicrobial Pesticide Performance

    E2523 Terminology for Metalworking Fluids and Operations

    E2563 Test Method for Enumeration of Non-Tuberculosis Mycobacteria in Aqueous Metalworking Fluids by Plate Count Method

    E2564 Test Method for Enumeration of Mycobacteria in Metalworking Fluids by Direct Microscopic Counting (DMC) Method

    E2657 Test Method for Determination of Endotoxin Concentrations in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E2693 Practice for Prevention of Dermatitis in the Wet Metal Removal Fluid Environment

    E2694 Test Method for Measurement of Adenosine Triphosphate in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    OSHA (US Occupational Safety and Health Administration) Standards

    29CFR1910.1200 Hazard Communication

    Other Documents

    Method0500: Particulates Not Otherwise Regulated, Total Available from U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health, Cincinnati, OH 45226 or at. http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/docs/2003-154/pdfs/0500.pdf

    EPA (US Environmental Protection Agency) Standards

    40CFR156 Labeling Requirements for Pesticides and Devices


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.040.30 (Workplace atmospheres)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    DOI: 10.1520/E2889-12

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