ASTM E2857 - 11

    Standard Guide for Validating Analytical Methods

    Active Standard ASTM E2857 | Developed by Subcommittee: E01.22

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.05


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    Significance and Use

    Method validation is a process of demonstrating that the method meets the required performance capabilities. International standards such as ISO/IEC 17025, certifying bodies, and regulatory agencies require evidence that analytical methods are capable of producing valid results. This applies to laboratories using published standard test methods, modified standard test methods, and in-house test methods.

    Although a collaborative study is part of this guide, this guide may be used by a single laboratory for method validation when a formal collaboration study is not practical. This guide may also be applied before a full collaboration study to predict the reliability of the method.

    The use of multiple validation techniques described in this guide increases confidence in the validity or application of the method.

    It is beyond the scope of this guide to describe fully the fundamental considerations in Section 5. For a more descriptive definition of these concepts, refer to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) technical report, Harmonized Guidelines for Single Laboratory Validation of Methods of Analysis, the IUPAC Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature (Orange Book), and the Eurachem publication, The Fitness for Purpose of Analytical Methods, A Laboratory Guide to Method Validation and Related Topics.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide describes procedures for the validation of chemical and spectrochemical analytical methods of analysis that are used by a metals, ores, and related materials analysis laboratory.

    1.2 This guide may be applied to the validation of laboratory developed (in-house) methods, addition of analytes to an existing standard test method, variation or scope expansion of an existing standard method, or the use of new or different laboratory equipment.

    1.3 This guide may also be used to validate the implementation of standard test methods used routinely by laboratories of the mining, ore processing, and metals industry.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E1601 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method

    E1763 Guide for Interpretation and Use of Results from Interlaboratory Testing of Chemical Analysis Methods

    ISO Standard

    ISO/IEC17025 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 71.040.40 (Chemical analysis); 71.040.50 (Physicochemical methods of analysis)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 41115403(Spectrometers)


    DOI: 10.1520/E2857-11

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