Active Standard ASTM E285 | Developed by Subcommittee: E21.08
Book of Standards Volume: 15.03
Historical (view previous versions of standard)
Significance and Use
This test method is intended to screen the most obvious poor materials from further consideration. Since the combustion gases more closely resemble the environment generated in rocket motors, this test method is more applicable to screening materials for nozzles and motor liners than for aerodynamic heating.
The environment for any specific high-temperature thermal protection problem is peculiar to that particular application. The conditions generated by the oxyacetylene heat source in this test method represent only one set of conditions; they do not simulate any specific application. Thus, the test results cannot be used to predict directly the behavior of materials for specific environments, nor can they be used for design purposes. However, over a number of years, the test has been useful in determining the relative merit of materials, particularly in weeding out obviously poor materials from more advanced data-generation programs. It has also been considered for use as a production quality-control test for rocket insulation materials.
The tester is cautioned to use prudence in extending the usefulness of the test method beyond its original intent, namely, screening. For situations having environments widely different from those of the test, the user is urged to modify the oxyacetylene burner conditions to suit his requirements or perhaps change to a different heat-generating device that provides better simulation.
1.1 This test method covers the screening of ablative materials to determine the relative thermal insulation effectiveness when tested as a flat panel in an environment of a steady flow of hot gas provided by an oxyacetylene burner.
1.2 This test method should be used to measure and describe the properties of materials, products, or assemblies in response to heat and flame under controlled laboratory conditions and should not be used to describe or appraise the fire hazard of materials, products, or assemblies under actual fire conditions. However, results of this test method may be used as elements of a fire risk assessment which takes into account all of the factors which are pertinent to an assessment of the fire hazard of a particular end use.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as the standard.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
D792 Test Methods for Density and Specific Gravity (Relative Density) of Plastics by Displacement
Federal StandardsBB-O-925A Oxygen, Technical, Gas and Liquid
ICS Number Code 49.025.99 (Other materials)