ASTM E2782 - 11e1

    Standard Guide for Measurement Systems Analysis (MSA)

    Active Standard ASTM E2782 | Developed by Subcommittee: E11.20

    Book of Standards Volume: 14.02


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    Significance and Use

    4.1 Many types of measurements are made routinely in research organizations, business and industry, and government and academic agencies. Typically, data are generated from experimental effort or as observational studies. From such data, management decisions are made that may have wide-reaching social, economic, and political impact. Data and decision making go hand in hand and that is why the quality of any measurement is important—for data originate from a measurement process. This guide presents selected concepts and methods useful for describing and understanding the measurement process. This guide is not intended to be a comprehensive survey of this topic.

    4.2 Any measurement result will be said to originate from a measurement process or system. The measurement process will consist of a number of input variables and general conditions that affect the final value of the measurement. The process variables, hardware and software and their properties, and the human effort required to obtain a measurement constitute the measurement process. A measurement process will have several properties that characterize the effect of the several variables and general conditions on the measurement results. It is the properties of the measurement process that are of primary interest in any such study. The term “measurement systems analysis” or MSA study is used to describe the several methods used to characterize the measurement process.

    Note 1Sample statistics discussed in this guide are as described in Practice E2586; control chart methodologies are as described in Practice E2587.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This guide presents terminology, concepts, and selected methods and formulas useful for measurement systems analysis (MSA). Measurement systems analysis may be broadly described as a body of theory and methodology that applies to the non-destructive measurement of the physical properties of manufactured objects.

    1.2 Units—The system of units for this guide is not specified. Dimensional quantities in the guide are presented only as illustrations of calculation methods and are not binding on products or test methods treated.

    1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    E177 Practice for Use of the Terms Precision and Bias in ASTM Test Methods

    E456 Terminology Relating to Quality and Statistics

    E2586 Practice for Calculating and Using Basic Statistics

    E2587 Practice for Use of Control Charts in Statistical Process Control


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 17.020 (Metrology and measurement in general)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code


    Referencing This Standard

    DOI: 10.1520/E2782

    ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.

    Citation Format

    ASTM E2782-11e1, Standard Guide for Measurement Systems Analysis (MSA), ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2011, www.astm.org

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