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Significance and Use
This test method is used for determining average emission rates and average emission factors for pellet heaters.
The emission factor is useful for determining emission performance during product development.
The emission factor is useful for the air quality regulatory community for determining compliance with emission performance limits.
The emission rate may be useful for the air quality regulatory community for determining impacts on air quality from pellet heaters.
The reporting units are grams of particulate per hour and grams of particulate per kilogram of dry fuel.
Appropriate reporting units for comparing emissions from all types of solid fuel fired appliances: g/kg.
Appropriate reporting units for predicting atmospheric emission impacts: g/h or g/MJ.
1.1 This test method covers the fueling and operating protocol for determining particulate matter emissions from fires in pellet or other granular or particulate biomass burning room heaters and fireplace inserts.
1.2 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to inch-pound units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.
1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
Other StandardsPFI Standard Specification for Residential/Commercial Densified Fuel
D1102 Test Method for Ash in Wood
D3176 Practice for Ultimate Analysis of Coal and Coke
D4442 Test Methods for Direct Moisture Content Measurement of Wood and Wood-Base Materials
D5373 Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Laboratory Samples of Coal and Coke
E631 Terminology of Building Constructions
E711 Test Method for Gross Calorific Value of Refuse-Derived Fuel by the Bomb Calorimeter
E777 Test Method for Carbon and Hydrogen in the Analysis Sample of Refuse-Derived Fuel
E778 Test Methods for Nitrogen in the Analysis Sample of Refuse-Derived Fuel
E871 Test Method for Moisture Analysis of Particulate Wood Fuels
E2515 Test Method for Determination of Particulate Matter Emissions Collected by a Dilution Tunnel
ICS Number Code 97.100.30 (Solid fuel heaters)
UNSPSC Code 41110000(Measuring and observing and testing instruments)