Significance and Use
This standard provides a guide for the other DDA standards (see Practices E2597, , and E2737). It is not intended for use with computed radiography apparatus. Figure 1 describes how this standard is interrelated with the aforementioned standards.
This guide is intended to assist the user to understand the definitions and corresponding performance parameters used in related standards as stated in 4.1 in order to make an informed decision on how a given DDA can be used in the target application.
This guide is also intended to assist cognizant engineering officers, prime manufacturers, and the general service and manufacturing customer base that may rely on DDAs to provide advanced radiological results so that these parties may set their own acceptance criteria for use of these DDAs by suppliers and shops to verify that their parts and structures are of sound integrity to enter into service.
The manufacturer characterization standard for DDA (see Practice E2597) serves as a starting point for the end user to select a DDA for the specific application at hand. DDA manufacturers and system integrators will provide DDA performance data using standardized geometry, X-ray beam spectra, and phantoms as prescribed in Practice E2597. The end user will look at these performance results and compare DDA metrics from various manufacturers and will decide on a DDA that can meet the specification required for inspection by the end user. See Sections 5 and 8 for a discussion on the characterization tests and guidelines for selection of DDAs for specific applications.
Practice is designed to assist the end user to set up the DDA with minimum requirements for radiological examinations. This standard will also help the user to get the required SNR, to set up the required magnification, and provides guidance for viewing and storage of radiographs. Discussion is also added to help the user with marking and identification of parts during radiological examinations.
Practice E2737 is designed to help the end user with a set of tests so that the stability of the performance of the DDA can be confirmed. Additional guidance is provided in this document to support this standard.
1.1 This standard is a user guide, which is intended to serve as a tutorial for selection and use of various digital detector array systems nominally composed of the detector array and an imaging system to perform digital radiography. This guide also serves as an in-detail reference for the following standards: Practices E2597, , and E2737.
1.2 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.
2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.
E94 Guide for Radiographic Examination
E155 Reference Radiographs for Inspection of Aluminum and Magnesium Castings
E192 Reference Radiographs of Investment Steel Castings for Aerospace Applications
E747 Practice for Design, Manufacture and Material Grouping Classification of Wire Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
E1000 Guide for Radioscopy
E1025 Practice for Design, Manufacture, and Material Grouping Classification of Hole-Type Image Quality Indicators (IQI) Used for Radiology
E1316 Terminology for Nondestructive Examinations
E1320 Reference Radiographs for Titanium Castings
E1742 Practice for Radiographic Examination
E1815 Test Method for Classification of Film Systems for Industrial Radiography
E1817 Practice for Controlling Quality of Radiological Examination by Using Representative Quality Indicators (RQIs)
E2002 Practice for Determining Total Image Unsharpness in Radiology
E2422 Digital Reference Images for Inspection of Aluminum Castings
E2445 Practice for Qualification and Long-Term Stability of Computed Radiology Systems
E2446 Practice for Classification of Computed Radiology Systems
E2597 Practice for Manufacturing Characterization of Digital Detector Arrays
E2660 Digital Reference Images for Investment Steel Castings for Aerospace Applications
E2669 Digital Reference Images for Titanium Castings
E2698 Practice for Radiological Examination Using Digital Detector Arrays
E2737 Practice for Digital Detector Array Performance Evaluation and Long-Term Stability
amorphous selenium; amorphous silicon; bad pixels; CMOS; contrast sensitivity; DDA; digital detector array; digital reference images; image lag; image processing; image quality indicator; image storage and retrieval; material thickness range; monitor; nondestructive testing; penetrating radiation; pixel; radiography; radiologic examination; scintillator; SNR; spatial resolution; X-ray;
ICS Number Code 11.040.50 (Radiographic equipment)
ASTM International is a member of CrossRef.
Citing ASTM Standards
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