ASTM E2693 - 09

    Standard Practice for Prevention of Dermatitis in the Wet Metal Removal Fluid Environment

    Active Standard ASTM E2693 | Developed by Subcommittee: E34.50

    Book of Standards Volume: 11.03


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    Significance and Use

    Use of this practice is intended to reduce occupational dermatitis caused by exposure to the wet metal removal environment.

    Complaints of dermatitis conditions are often associated with exposures to metal removal fluid.

    Implementation of this practice and incorporation of metal removal fluid management program has the potential to reduce complaints of occupational dermatitis. Elements of an effective program include: understanding dermatitis and associated causes; prevention of dermatitis and exposure to metal removal fluids; appropriate product selection; good management of additives, microorganisms, and fluids; appropriate additive (including antimicrobial pesticides) selection and additive control; appropriate tool design and assessment and control of metal removal fluid exposures including aerosols.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This practice sets forth guidelines for reducing dermatitis caused by exposure to the wet metal removal environment. The scope of this practice does not include exposure to chemicals that enter the body through intact skin (cutaneous route), which has the potential to cause other toxic effects.

    1.2 This practice incorporates means and mechanisms to reduce dermal exposure to the wet metal removal environment and to control factors in the wet metal removal environment that have the potential to cause dermatitis.

    1.3 This practice focuses on employee exposure to the skin via contact and exposure to metal removal fluid (MRF).

    1.4 The values stated in inch-pound units are to be regarded as standard. The values given in parentheses are mathematical conversions to SI units that are provided for information only and are not considered standard.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1356 Terminology Relating to Sampling and Analysis of Atmospheres

    D2881 Classification for Metal Working Fluids and Related Materials

    E1302 Guide for Acute Animal Toxicity Testing of Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E1370 Guide for Air Sampling Strategies for Worker and Workplace Protection

    E1497 Practice for Selection and Safe Use of Water-Miscible and Straight Oil Metal Removal Fluids

    E1542 Terminology Relating to Occupational Health and Safety

    E1972 Practice for Minimizing Effects of Aerosols in the Wet Metal Removal Environment

    E2144 Practice for Personal Sampling and Analysis of Endotoxin in Metalworking Fluid Aerosols in Workplace Atmospheres

    E2148 Guide for Using Documents Related to Metalworking or Metal Removal Fluid Health and Safety

    E2169 Practice for Selecting Antimicrobial Pesticides for Use in Water-Miscible Metalworking Fluids

    E2250 Method for Determination of Endotoxin Concentration in Water Miscible Metal Working Fluids

    E2525 Test Method for Evaluation of the Effect of Nanoparticulate Materials on the Formation of Mouse Granulocyte-Macrophage Colonies

    OSHA Standards

    29CFR1910AppendixBto Non-mandatory Compliance Guidelines for Hazard Assessment and Personal Protective Equipment Selection

    Other Documents

    ANSIB11TR2–199 Mist Control Considerations for the Design, Installation and Use of Machine Tools Using Metalworking Fluids Available from American National Standards Institute (ANSI), 25 W. 43rd St., 4th Floor, New York, NY 10036, http://www.ansi.org.


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 13.100 (Occupational safety. Industrial hygiene); 75.100 (Lubricants, industrial oils and related products)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 93141808(Occupational health or safety services)


    DOI: 10.1520/E2693-09

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