ASTM E2594 - 09

    Standard Test Method for Analysis of Nickel Alloys by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (Performance-Based Method)

    Active Standard ASTM E2594 | Developed by Subcommittee: E01.08

    Book of Standards Volume: 03.05


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    ASTM E2594

    Significance and Use

    This test method for the chemical analysis of nickel alloys is primarily intended to test material for compliance with specifications such as those under jurisdiction of ASTM Committee B02. It may also be used to test compliance with other specifications that are compatible with the test method.

    It is assumed that all who use this test method will be trained analysts capable of performing common laboratory procedures skillfully and safely, and that the work will be performed in a properly equipped laboratory.

    This is a performance-based test method that relies more on the demonstrated quality of the test result than on strict adherence to specific procedural steps. It is expected that laboratories using this test method will prepare their own work instructions. These work instructions will include detailed operating instructions for the specific laboratory, the specific reference materials employed, and performance acceptance criteria. It is also expected that, when applicable, each laboratory will participate in proficiency test programs, such as described in Practice E 2027, and that the results from the participating laboratory will be satisfactory.

    1. Scope

    1.1 This test method describes the inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometric analysis of nickel alloys, such as specified by Committee B02, and having chemical compositions within the following limits:

    ElementApplication
    Range (%)
    Aluminum0.011.00
    Boron0.0010.050
    Calcium0.0010.05
    Carbon0.100.20
    Chromium0.0133.0
    Cobalt0.1020.0
    Copper0.013.00
    Iron0.0150.0
    Lead0.0010.01
    Magnesium0.00010.100
    Manganese0.013.0
    Molybdenum0.0130.0
    Niobium0.016.0
    Nickel25.080.0
    Nitrogen0.0010.20
    Oxygen0.00010.003
    Phosphorous0.0010.030
    Sulfur0.00010.010
    Silicon0.011.50
    Tantalum0.0050.10
    Tin0.0010.020
    Titanium0.0016.0
    Tungsten0.015.0
    Vanadium0.011.0
    Zirconium0.010.10

    1.2 The following elements may be determined using this test method. The test method user should carefully evaluate the precision and bias statements of this test method to determine applicability of the test method for the intended use.

    ElementQuantification
    Range (%)
    Aluminum0.0601.40
    Boron0.0020.020
    Calcium0.0010.003
    Copper0.0100.52
    Magnesium0.0010.10
    Manganese0.0020.65
    Niobium0.0205.5
    Phosphorous0.0040.030
    Tantalum0.0100.050
    Tin0.0020.018
    Titanium0.0203.1
    Tungsten0.0070.11
    Vanadium0.0100.50
    Zirconium0.0020.10

    1.3 This test method has only been interlaboratory tested for the elements and ranges specified. It may be possible to extend this test method to other elements or different concentration ranges provided that method validation is performed that includes evaluation of method sensitivity, precision, and bias as described in this document. Additionally, the validation study must evaluate the acceptability of sample preparation methodology using reference materials or spike recoveries, or both. The user is cautioned to carefully evaluate the validation data against the laboratorys data quality objectives. Method validation of scope extensions is also a requirement of ISO/IEC 17025.

    1.4 The values stated in SI units are to be regarded as standard. No other units of measurement are included in this standard.

    1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use. Specific warning statements are given in 8.2.6.3 and safety hazard statements are given in Section 9.


    2. Referenced Documents (purchase separately) The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard.

    ASTM Standards

    D1193 Specification for Reagent Water

    E50 Practices for Apparatus, Reagents, and Safety Considerations for Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E55 Practice for Sampling Wrought Nonferrous Metals and Alloys for Determination of Chemical Composition

    E88 Practice for Sampling Nonferrous Metals and Alloys in Cast Form for Determination of Chemical Composition

    E135 Terminology Relating to Analytical Chemistry for Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    E1329 Practice for Verification and Use of Control Charts in Spectrochemical Analysis

    E1479 Practice for Describing and Specifying Inductively-Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometers

    E1601 Practice for Conducting an Interlaboratory Study to Evaluate the Performance of an Analytical Method

    E2027 Practice for Conducting Proficiency Tests in the Chemical Analysis of Metals, Ores, and Related Materials

    ISO Standards

    ISO Guide 98-3 Uncertainty of Measurement Part 3: Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM:1995), First Edition


    ICS Code

    ICS Number Code 77.120.40 (Nickel, chromium and their alloys)

    UNSPSC Code

    UNSPSC Code 11101706(Nickel); 41115403(Spectrometers)


    DOI: 10.1520/E2594-09

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